Therapy Notes 11 24 09

Therapy Notes 11 24 09 - Therapy 1. Types of therapy a....

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Therapy 1. Types of therapy a. Therapies that treat the body i. Mental illness has a physical basis ii. Typically drug therapies or pharmaco-therapies 1. Anti-psychotics such as thorazine (one of the earliest)or olanzapine (more current) 2. Anti-depressants such as the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor Prozac iii. Often control symptoms rather than treat causes primarily because much is still unknown about the physical basis of mental illness b. Therapies that treat behavior i. Mental illness is a behavioral problem caused by past learning history ii. Typically involve behavioral modification techniques involving reinforcement and punishment designed to extinguish unwanted or maladaptive behaviors and replace with new behaviors 1. Systematic desensitization in the treatment of phobias 2. Aversion therapies such as treating alcoholics with a disulfiram (commonly known as Antabuse) a drug that basically gives people an immediate, severe and long- lasting hangover soon after ingesting alcohol c. Therapies that treat the mind i. Mental illness has a psychological basis ii. Broad and rough categorization of types 1. Insight therapies a. Mental illness caused by unconscious motives and desires
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b. Improvement comes when patients gain both intellectual and emotional insight into these unconscious motives and desires c. Freudian psychoanalysis the best known example 2. Cognitive therapies a. Mental illness caused by irrational or distorted beliefs a person has about themselves or about the world b. Improvement comes when the patient abandons these beliefs c. Therapeutic techniques can range from gentle persuasion to harsh confrontation 3. Humanistic therapies a. Mental illness caused by people not reaching their full potential (called self-actualization) b. Improvement when patients are enabled to get in touch with their true self c. Source of the touchy-feely types of therapy d. Widely popular and widely practiced but not
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Therapy Notes 11 24 09 - Therapy 1. Types of therapy a....

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