Exam 3 Questions to Ponder 

Exam 3 Questions to Ponder 

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Questions to Ponder Final Exam Nutrition For Children and Teens 1. Which nutrients are important to growing children and why? What are the sources of these nutrients? Vitamin D – bone development, milk, sunlight Vitamin E – antioxidant, mayo, oil sunflower seeds Vitamin C – immune system, orange juice, broccoli, strawberries Calcium – bone development, milk cheese, dairy Iodine Iron – needed for hemoglobin, none in breast milk, children given a supply, fortified in cereal, females need more 2. What is the fiber recommendation for children? Fiber = Age + 5 3. What percentage of children’s calories should come from fat up to age 2? After age 2? Up to age 2 – 30 -40% After age 2 – 25-35% 4. What are food jags? Are they of concern? How are parents advised to deal with them? Food Jags- a child is only eating one thing. Not a big concern. Parents should provide their child with options and the phase will pass 5. When do boys and girls experience a growth spurt? Boys spurt is from 12 and peaks at 14, slows down at 19 Girls spurt is from 10 and peaks at 12, girls gain more fat 6. What are the nutritional issues of concern for children and adolescents? Overweight and obesity 16% children overweight 7. Why is childhood obesity concerning? What are the causes? How can children assist a child or teen in losing weight? Causes Poor dietary intake- not enough fruits and veggies, too much soda and not enough milk Too little exercise Overweight family members, low income Issues Can lead to diseases such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension and heart disease Often just Loosing Weight Parents should teach the child about living a healthy lifestyle and provide them with healthy food options No extreme restrictions on food or calories Don’t make child feel bad about their weight Engage in the project as a family and in exercise Envolve child in shopping and cooking 8. Why is breakfast important to learning? Breakfast gets the body going and ready to work. It kick starts your metabolism and breaks the fast of sleeping. Studies show kids who eat breakfast do better in school. 9. How is nutrition related to hyperactivity? Too much sugar Aging 1. What physiological changes associated with aging might have a negative impact on nutritional status?
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Digestive Tract - slows down, need more fiber for constipation, some have reduced acid production in stomac Hormones- pancreas secretes less insulin (type II diabetes) Mouth – tooth loss, gum disease, reduce salivary outputs affects chewing and swallowing Sense Organs – diminished sight and smell Body Comp – lean mass decrease = less energy requirements 2. What changes occur in macronutrients needs with aging? What changes occur in micronutrient needs with aging? What are the causes of each of these changes? Marconutrient Needs
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This note was uploaded on 05/09/2010 for the course NFSC 100 taught by Professor Jackson during the Spring '09 term at Maryland.

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Exam 3 Questions to Ponder 

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