Sport Project BASKETBALL

Sport Project BASKETBALL - Basketball By: Lauren Hardesty,...

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Basketball By: Lauren Hardesty, Bianca Lee, Kerry Simon, Rachelle Chan Sport and Exercise Psychology of Basketball Quick Review: What is sport and exercise psychology? Involves the study of human thought, emotion, and behavior in physical activity. (Hoffman, 2009, p. 238) ABC’s of exercise psychology: o A: Affect (emotional concepts) o B: Behavioral (reaction to exercise/physical activity) o C: Cognition (thought process) Anxiety and athletic performance There is a good amount of anxiety involved in playing basketball. One factor includes that there are only five players on the court at a time. Since the team is relatively small, individual performance is highlighted. Free throw shooting: there is a lot of anxiety involved during free throws. All eyes are on the individual making the shot so there is a lot of pressure to make the shot. Players do not want to let the team down and feel that the team is depending on him to make the shot (Czech, n.d.). There are various techniques to help lower anxiety levels such as imagery, self- talk, gum chewing, diaphragmatic breathing, and more (Hoffman, 2009, pp. 259- 61). Audience effects in sport Home advantage: teams playing at home win more often than do those playing at away sites (Hoffman, 2009, p. 255). Audience has positive effect on skilled players as well as their “home” team/who they are cheering for. e.g.: November 19, 2004, Detroit Pistons vs. Indiana Pacers at Detroit o Pacer Ron Artest was struck in the face by a full beverage cup thrown from the crowd. Artest became livid and attacked Pistons fans on the stands. o Since it was a home game, the fans were in support of Detroit, therefore they were very hostile towards Artest after he fouled Ben Wallace and Wallace fought back and was kicked out of the game.
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During free throw shooting, the opponent’s fans make noises and distractions to cause the player the miss the shot. Team cohesion/group processes Basketball, like other team sports, requires good communication and collaboration among team members. (Kerr, 1997, p. 19) Basketball players are able to exhibit aggression, however not physical, often violent contact because it is technically a non-contact sport (Kerr, 1997, p. 115) In basketball, one team member is not a substitute for another one. Individual team members are chosen to complement the others. (Beauchamp & Eys, 2007, p. 53) Cohesion: “the tendency for groups to stick together and remain united in pursuing goals” (Hoffman, 2009, p. 256). It has become recently hard (twenty-first century) to develop a cohesive team. o NBA coach Phil Jackson: “In the 1960s and ‘70s, players asked: ‘Where do I fit in? How can I help this team win?’ Now they ask: ‘How do I get what I want?’ Given this selfish mind-set, it is remarkable actually that teams play with any cohesiveness…Good teams become great ones when the members trust each other enough to surrender the ‘me’ for the ‘we’. Individuals are required to surrender their self-interest for the greater
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This note was uploaded on 05/09/2010 for the course KNES 200 taught by Professor Hoffman during the Spring '10 term at Maryland.

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Sport Project BASKETBALL - Basketball By: Lauren Hardesty,...

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