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SportProject TRACK

SportProject TRACK - 1 Track Field Sarah Weatherford Morgan...

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Track & Field Sarah Weatherford, Morgan Reisman, Jordan Sender, and Calvin Wheeler History of Track & Field Origins: The necessary skills for track and field were used for the survival of primitive man . Running was important to escape or chase rivals and catch animals for food and clothing. Sprints, distances, and hurdles were all incorporated into the primitive man’s life. The development of discus, shot, and javelin throwing might have developed from men throwing rocks at animals to kill them, and the broad jump, pole vault, and high jump might have developed from people having to jump over streams and rocks. men needed track and field activities to survive, catch food These skills were then incorporated into the ancient Greek Olympics . Whoever could throw the farthest, run the fastest, and jump the highest, was honored. Athletic competitions took place in Greece as early as 1370 BC, but the first recorded organized games took place in 776 BC at Olympia. http://www.ebeijing.gov.cn/BeijingInfo/NewsUpdate/OlympicNews/ W020080813341627446557.jpg The Olympics included races where the men had to run the length of the stadium called a “stade” (about 200 yards). Some races reached up to 4800 yards. The shorter races included four competitors and the winners would then run to determine a final winner just like meets in the present. To train, the competitors ran in sand. 1
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There were also competitions with the javelin and discus . There was a broad jump and hop-step-and-jump . The athletes would jump the same spot and land on softer ground and their distance was measured with a rod. The first long jump that was recorded was performed by Chronis of Sparta in 656 BC which was 23 ft and 1.5 inches. The pole vault event developed in the Netherlands where people would use poles to jump over canals, streams, and marshlands. Javelin-throwing was really popular in Greece, and it was a skill necessary for hunting and fighting in war . The javelins were 8-10 ft long and had varying weights. There was a thong wrapped around the shaft in the middle and a loop for fingers to both give it a rotary motion and triple the distance it was thrown. Before there was the discus, there was weight-throwing competitions where people threw stones or pieces of metal called hateres . The discus eventually took the place of the stones and was hurled without completely turning the body. (Fraley 1971) History of Track & Field in the United States: The first track meet in the US was in 1871 in New York City. When the ICAAAA and the NCAA were formed, they both held track meets that still exist today. The United States’ first national athletic group, the Intercollegiate Association of Amateur Athletes of America held the 1 st collegiate races in 1873. In 1887 the American Athletic Union was founded which governed track & field until 1979. The Amateur Sports Act of 1978 said that the American Athletic Union could not have international franchises in multiple sports. The Athletics Congress was created in 1979, which was the national association to govern track & field. It is now known as USA Track & Field.
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