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Midterm1StudyGuide (Repaired)

Midterm1StudyGuide (Repaired) - Study Guide Midterm 1 Geog...

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Study Guide: Midterm 1 Geog 149/ES 111: Channel Islands developed by S. Baguskas 2009 edited B. Belyea 2010 *You will need a pink parSCORE scantron sheet for the exam and a #2 pencil. Lecture 1 (30 March 2010) Species diversity Basic island geography Characteristics of the Channel Islands What are 5 major groups of marine mammals in the Southern California Bight? On which Northern Channel Island is the largest pinniped rookery? During what month of the year is there the greatest phytoplankton abundance in the Northern Channel? April . What is phytoplankton? What part of the ocean do they inhabit? What species of bird is being reintroduced to the island and which species removed? Bald Eagles – re-introduced. Gold Eagle - removed Be able to label all of the Channel Islands by name. Which Northern Channel Island is the largest? Cruz . Which Southern Channel Island is the largest? Catalina . Which of the islands is furthest from the mainland? Nicolas . Which has the greatest number of native plant taxa? Cruz . Which is the smallest Northern Channel Island. Anacapa (1.1msq). Barbara smallest of all (1msq). What is a distinguishing feature of each island? Rosa – Torrey pine Cruz - Bishop Pine Lecture 2 (1 April 2010) Geology/geologic history of Channel Islands Plate tectonics Glacial/interglacial periods What geographic feature do the Santa Ynez Mountains, Santa Barbara coastline, Northern Channel Islands, and Santa Monica Mountains all have in common? East-West. Define bathymetry. The measure of the depths of the ocean. What undersea topographic feature has kept the islands separated from the mainland during glacial periods? mid ocean ridges. The interaction between what two tectonic plates gave rise to the islands? North
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american and pacific How can you explain the fact that forests grew in Antarctica during the Permian period? The islands formed between _20__and _5__million years ago. What are the processes that drive plate movement? (hint: mantle convection). What was Pangea? a hypothetical continent including all the landmass of the earth prior to the Triassic period when it split into Laurasia and Gondwanaland . Why is it relevant to our understanding of plate tectonics? What does paleomagnetic data tell us about plate movement? Describe differing features of oceanic vs. continental plates. How are subduction zones related to areas of uplift ? How did plate movement shift along the west coast of North America ~15 million years ago? Shifted from a head on collision to a north-south sliding. Why is this shift significant for Channel Island formation? As a transform system of deep cracks and faults, this area produces blocks which become islands. Some rotate in the process and may have been close enough for species of animals to migrate by land bridges.
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Midterm1StudyGuide (Repaired) - Study Guide Midterm 1 Geog...

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