4_DLC_GEOG155

4_DLC_GEOG155 - GEOGRAPHY 155 CLASS 4 The Peopling of...

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Unformatted text preview: GEOGRAPHY 155 CLASS 4 The Peopling of America and Native American Geographies Images not cited from wiki.org Last Time • Amy Lerner’s Lessons in Theory and Development Recap: Latin American Physical Geography 1) Name the primary physical geographical regions of Meso/Central America and South America. 2) Name 1 climate, 1 soil, 1 vegetation, and 1 topographical feature for each of these regions. 3) How do we depend on geography for food? Quiz Name and describe a development theory Name 3 Latin American countries part of the "New Left." What is one reason for this recent swing? What is one reason for the rise of drug cartel presence in Mexico? You should have read for today: - Text Chapters 5 & 7- Crosby, A. "Rethinking the Encounter: New perspectives on Conquest and - Colonization, 1450-1550"- Diamond, J. "The Arrow of Disease" - Mann, C. "The Pristine Myth "- Schwartz, J. "The Great Food Migration" Rest of Course: Human and Human Environment Geographies E.g., Cultural Geographies Language and Culture: Does Geography Matter? Cómo están? Ca va? Oi! Tudo bem? Ma sa’ ach’ol la ex? (Qa qwa; Qa na?) Outline 1. The First Americans 2. Mesoamerican Native Geographies 3. South American Native Geographies 4. Indigenous Depopulation and European Conquest REMEMBER: How do space, place, and Human-Env. interactions shape our understanding? 1. The First Americans • Settled 15,000 BP (before present) – or even earlier • Proof of origin h Genetics – note that “races” is not a scientifically defensible concept h Mitochondrial DNA evidence => Amerindians most closely related to E Asians (Siberian especially) h Most closely related people Chromosomes tell a story of migration Peopling of the World • http://esp.cr.usgs.gov Maximum extent of glaciation • http://esp.cr.usgs.gov Peopling of the Americas • http://esp.cr.usgs.gov Clovis Culture Questioning Clovis Migration • Chilean pre-Clovis Evidence • Coastal Migration? • South Carolina evidence? America Pre-Conquest • Population1492: ~ 19 - 25 million • Nahua in C Mexico about 14 - 17 million; took until 1960s for this pop. to recover – and at the time Mexico City was soon to be the largest city in the world! • Highland Guatemala, Yucatan and Chiapas (Mexico), Honduras ~ 4 - 5 million • Rest of C America ~ 1 - 4 million Where were these people concentrated? Where were these people concentrated? Where were these people concentrated? Where were these people concentrated? 2. Mesoamerican Native Geographies A. Lowland C. America and Carribean B. Meso-America: Maya C. Northern Mexico: Chichimec D. Central Mexico: Olmec and Aztec A. Coastal Caribbean Central America • Area : coastal lowlands area NE Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama • A contact zone between the “high” civilizations of Mesoamerica and the Circum-Caribbean ones • Caribbean littoral of lower Central America more like that Caribbean islands and N coastal South America • Population and settlement : small scale polities total population probably not more than 3.5m Mesoamerica Lower Central America Caribbean Native Societies...
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4_DLC_GEOG155 - GEOGRAPHY 155 CLASS 4 The Peopling of...

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