3_Geog155_Lecture_Part2 - Drivers of contemporary issues in...

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1 Drivers of contemporary issues in Latin America From: NYT March 22, 2009 2 Venezuela: Alternative Politics 3 The Pendulum Swing in Latin America THEN 4 The Pendulum Swing in Latin America And NOW 5 Why Latin America? • Click to add an outline 6 Why Latin America? US Involvement: • Cuban Revolution 1959: – US loses control over sugar interests • US backs anti-socialist rebellions/ coups b – Civil war in Guatemala (until late 1980s) – The Contras against the socialist Sandinistas in Nicaragua (1979) – Argentina (1976) ( Dirty War); Brazil (1964); Chile (Pinochet, 1973)
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7 Why Latin America? Colonial legacy: Unequal distribution of resources (particularly land) after colonial period ISI: Lack of investment in rural areas and in small-scale agriculture Prejudice: Economic discrimination against indigenous and rural residents Structural Adjustment RESULT? Social unrest / discontent – e.g., Zapatistas New leftist political movements Migration 8 Inequality in Latin America Income, land, resources are concentrated in very few hands: • Indigenous men earn 35-65 percent less than men of European descent. • In Brazil, men and women of African descent earn about 45 percent of the wages of their white counterparts. World Bank, 2003, Inequality in Latin America and the Caribbean, Breaking with History? Distribution of Income in Latin America 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Richest 1/10 Poorest 1/10 % of total income 9 Click to add title Caracas Slum ht p:/ sustainablecities.dk/en/city-projects/cases/caracas-connecting-slums-to-the-rest-of-the-city-by-urban-cable-car Caracas ht p:/ archithoughts.wordpress.com/2009/10/06/room-with-views/ 10 ht p:/ www.marcval ee.co.uk/blog/2008/09/venezu elan-and-bolivian-solidarity-protest/ 11 Why Venezuela? • Increase of poverty 1970-1990 from 25%- 65%, Income decreased in 1998 to 1963 levels • Breakdown of political parties • Oil-dependent economy • Massive corruption and general frustration with politics 12 Characteristics of Chávez Politics • 21 st century socialism – “reject” capitalism
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This note was uploaded on 05/09/2010 for the course GEO 155/163 taught by Professor David during the Spring '10 term at UCSB.

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3_Geog155_Lecture_Part2 - Drivers of contemporary issues in...

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