14. STI - Sexually Transmitted Bacterial Agents Sexually...

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Sexually Transmitted Bacterial Agents Chlamydia trachomatis Neisseria gonorrheae Treponema pallidum •O thers The World O’Sex -Sexually active couples have sex ~100 times per year - Most individuals on this planet do not have good access to health care - Travel expands more than your mind. .. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) • major public health problem - in 1990, cost of Chlamydia $89 million; gonorrhea $54 million • communicable; bacterial causes reported to MOH • asymptomatic patients are major reservoir and maintain transmission • accurate diagnosis is essential • contact tracing • treat both patients and partner Sexually Transmitted Diseases • Women, especially those <25 yrs, bear the burden of infection • 15 - 24 yr olds account for 40 - 45% of all chlamydia and gonorrhea infections • major complication is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) - may lead to infertility • 20% of infertility is due to PID caused by an STD • Male infertility due to an STD is rare Reported Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Canada 1993 Disease n (%) Male : Female Chlamydia 44,296 (83) 1 : 3.1 Gonococcal 6,820 (13) 1.2 : 1 AIDS 1,206 (2.3) 14.7 : 1
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14. STI - Sexually Transmitted Bacterial Agents Sexually...

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