Chapter 1 - Chapter 1 Introduction: what is Organic...

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1 Chapter 1 Introduction: what is Organic Chemistry? All living things are made of organic chemicals
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3 99% of more than 30 million known chemicals contain C!
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4 Structure of an atom Positively charged nucleus Negatively charged electrons Diameter is about Atomic Structure & Bonding
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5 Atomic number ( Z ): Mass number ( A ): All atoms of a given element Isotopes : Atomic mass ( atomic weight ) of an element: Atomic Number & Atomic Mass
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6 Quantum mechanics: Wave function : Plot of ψ 2 describes Electron cloud has no specific boundary Atomic Structure: Orbitals
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7 Four different kinds of orbitals for electrons based on those derived for an H atom s and p orbitals most important Orbitals are grouped in shells Shapes of Atomic Orbitals
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10 p -Orbitals
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Ground-state electron configuration (lowest energy arrangement) of an atom lists orbitals occupied by electrons. Rules: 1. 2.
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This note was uploaded on 05/09/2010 for the course CHEMISTRY 138 taught by Professor Dicks during the Spring '10 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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Chapter 1 - Chapter 1 Introduction: what is Organic...

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