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Unformatted text preview: Technology Briefing 4 – Networking I. Evolution of Computer Networking A. Computer networking is the sharing of information or services. B. Computer networks require three things: 1. Senders and receivers that have something to share 2. A transmission medium to send the message 3. Rules or protocols dictating communication between senders and receivers C. Basic Network Terminology 1. Transmission media – the physical pathway used to carry network information. 2. Protocols – the procedures that different computers follow when they transmit and receive data. II. Computer Networks A. Fundamentals 1. A fundamental difference between human and computer communication is that human communication consists of words, whereas computer communication consists of bits. 2. The process of converting information (songs, photographs, etc) into digital information or bits. B. Evolution 1. Centralized Computing • In this model, large centralized computers, called mainframes, were used to process and store data. During this In this model, large centralized computers, called mainframes, were used to process and store data....
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This note was uploaded on 05/10/2010 for the course ACCT ISDS taught by Professor Cope during the Spring '10 term at S.E. Louisiana.
- Spring '10