Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus

Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus - SOCIAL...

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METHICILLIN-RESISTANT STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS RISK PERCEPTION BY HEALTHCARE PERSONNEL IN A PUBLIC HOSPITAL D ONGO R ÉMI K OUABENAN AND M ICHEL D UBOIS Université Pierre Mendès France, Grenoble, France R ÉGIS DE G AUDEMARIS , F ABIEN S CARNATO AND M ARIE -R EINE M ALLARET Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France This study examines perceived risk of contamination by methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among healthcare personnel in a French university hospital. MRSA poses a public health threat for healthcare staff who work in a hospital environment. This study is part of a pluridisciplinary research project on the risk factors of MRSA contamination. In many studies (Kouabenan, 1998; Slovic, 1987; Slovic et al., 1981), risk perception appears to be an important factor in understanding attitudes towards accident prevention and self- protective behavior. A questionnaire measuring several dimensions of perceived MRSA risk (risk for oneself, risk for others, severity, controllability, frequency, preventive efforts) and a questionnaire assessing optimism were administered to 187 hospital staff members of various occupations. The results revealed that the risk of MRSA contamination was well perceived as a whole by healthcare personnel. However, certain factors like proximity to patients and length of service tended to be accompanied by an underestimation of the risk, while other factors like little education, working part-time, and a lack of experience tended to cause overestimation. Preventive measures are recommended. SOCIAL BEHAVIOR AND PERSONALITY, 2007, 35 (1), 89-100 © Society for Personality Research (Inc.) 89 Dongo Rémi Kouabenan, Michel Dubois, Laboratory of Social Psychology of Grenoble-Chambery, Université Pierre Mendés, France; Régis de Gaudemaria, Fabien Scarnato, Marie-Reine Mallaret, Laboratory of Epidemiology, Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France. This project has been supported by the University Hospital Centre of Grenoble, France. It was conducted with the collaboration of research teams from occupational medicine, hospital hygiene and bacteriology, social psychology, work psychology, and ergonomics. The teams form a multi- background group called RIGERS (Interdisciplinary Research on Health Risk Management and Evaluation) composed of researchers with various disciplinary horizons from several laboratories at Joseph Fourier University (Grenoble I) and Pierre Mendés France University (Grenoble II). Appreciation is due to reviewers including: Etienne Mullet, PhD, Directeur Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Universite du Mirail (LTD), Quefes 17 bis, F-31830, Plaisance du Touch, France, Email: [email protected] Please address correspondence and reprint requests to: Dongo Rémi Kouabenan, PhD, Université Pierre Mendes France (Grenoble II), UFR SHS, BP. 47, 38040 Grenoble Cedex 9, France. Email: [email protected]
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MRSA RISK PERCEPTION 90 Keywords: staphylococcus, risk perception, risk evaluation, beliefs, hospital, geriatrics. Controlling the spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria is a high priority in
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Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus - SOCIAL...

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