prevalence of evidence based drug use

prevalence of evidence based drug use - Prev Sci (2009)...

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The Prevalence of Evidence-Based Drug Use Prevention Curricula in U.S. Middle Schools in 2005 Chris Ringwalt Amy A. Vincus Sean Hanley Susan T. Ennett J. Michael Bowling Louise Ann Rohrbach Published online: 11 November 2008 # Society for Prevention Research 2008 Abstract Since the promulgation of its Principles of Effectiveness in 1998, the Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools of the U.S. Department of Education has promoted the use of evidence-based drug prevention programs in the nation s schools. We report the results of a survey, conducted in 2005, of a nationally representative sample of 1,721 schools with middle school grades. Respondents comprised the staff member in the school identified as most knowledgeable about the school s drug prevention pro- grams. The total response rate was 78%. Respondents answered questions concerning which drug use prevention curricula they used, and, if they used more than one, which one they used the most frequently. Three federally- sponsored registries were used to specify which curricula were considered evidence-based. Findings from 2005 were then compared to earlier estimates based on a similar 1999 survey. We found that 42.6% of the nation s schools with middle school grades were using an evidence-based curric- ulum, an increase of 8% from our 1999 estimate. The two most prevalent curricula in use, at 19% each, were Life Skills Training and Project ALERT. We note, however, that only 8% of Life Skills Training users and 9% of Project ALERT users reported using those curricula the most, and that only 23% of respondents overall reported that they used an evidence-based curriculum the most. More information is needed as to why over three-quarters of the nation s schools with middle school grades continue to administer curricula that have not been identified as effective. Keywords Evidence-based practice . Substance use prevention . Curricula . Middle schools Introduction Since the beginning of the decade, the federal government has initiated and implemented policies pertaining to the use of evidence-based drug prevention curricula in the nation s public schools. The U.S. Department of Education (ED) has promulgated the Principles of Effectiveness that require schools accepting Safe and Drug-Free Schools (SDFS) funds to design and implement [their] activities based on research or evaluation that provides evidence that the strategies used prevent or reduce drug use (Simons-Rudolph et al. 2003 , U.S. Department of Education 1998 ). The principles were shortly thereafter enshrined in the No Child Left Behind education law ("No Child Left Behind Act of 2001" 2002 ). Schools now risk losing their SDFS funding if they fail to implement evidence-based prevention curricula (Gandhi et al. 2007 ), which are included on any of several national registries such as the National Registry of Prevention Programs and Practices (NREPP; National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices
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prevalence of evidence based drug use - Prev Sci (2009)...

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