8 - North_America_Feb03_10

8 - North_America_Feb03_10 - North America Economic and...

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North America North America Economic and Socio-Cultural  Issues
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Introduction Introduction    Economic issues: i. Agricultural Economy ii. Transport iii. Service iv. NAFTA Social issues i. Urbanization ii. Migration
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Agricultural Economy Agricultural Economy Former backbone of the economy:  export of agricultural products Contribution to GDP today: 1.7  percent Shifted to mechanized agriculture:  brought changes in employment and  farm ownership – employed 90%  workforce in 1790 and 50% in 1880.  Currently employs about 2% of  workforce
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Agribusiness Agribusiness Successful farms now  ( agribusiness ): requires much capital  investment in land and machinery,  ready access to cash Advantages– agribusiness involved in  all aspects of food production:  farming, marketing, research,  processing, delivery to customers Agribusiness provides variety of food  at low prices
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Agribusiness Agribusiness Disadvantages of corporate  agriculture: - Use of highly modified seeds,  chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and  herbicides to increase crop yields - Farming methods have the potential to  contaminate food and pollute  environment…compared with owner- operators who have a personal stake  in the long-term sustainability of the 
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Agribusiness Agribusiness By 2000, farm communities were  made up of few wealthy farmer- managers in the mist of poor majority. Protection efforts : US federal  government and some state like Iowa,  Kansas, Minnesota, Oklahoma have  enacted laws to restrict corporate  involvement in Agriculture 
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Transport Networks Transport Networks Construction of the  Interstate Highway  System :  - began 1950 and completed  in 1990, - 45,000 mile network of high- speed, multilane road, hence speed in  delivery of manufactured products Air transport and economic growth: Air  services organized as  hub-and- spoke network  – to facilitate one-day  travel between any two points Demerit: delays affect synchronization
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New Services and Technology 
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This note was uploaded on 05/10/2010 for the course GEOG 040 taught by Professor Siehl,georgehenr during the Spring '07 term at Penn State.

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8 - North_America_Feb03_10 - North America Economic and...

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