10 - Middle_and_South_America_February_12_10

10 - Middle_and_South_America_February_12_10 - Middle and...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–8. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Middle and South America Middle and South America Social, Economic and  Environmental Issues
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Migration and Urbanization Migration and Urbanization The Region leads in rural-urban  migration - 75% of the pop now live in towns with at  least 2000 people A lot of primate cities: - Mexico City: about 20% of Mexico’s pop. - Lima, Peru: about 30% of Peru’s pop. - Santiago, Chile: abt 34% of Chile’s pop.
Background image of page 2
Migration and Urbanization Migration and Urbanization Effects of Primate Cities: - Uneven spatial development and urban bias  policies - Concentration of wealth and power in one  place - Rural areas can’t compete for talents,  investment fund, and industries - Infrastructure development can’t keep pace  with migration inflows
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Migration and Urbanization Migration and Urbanization Effects of Primate Cities: - Squatter settlements: unconventional  materials, uncontrolled and chaotic, but with  enterprising people: e.g. Port of Spain and  steel bands - Rural development projects encourage  female migration due to mechanization –  farm equipments.
Background image of page 4
Economic Issues: Economic Issues: Globalization and Income Disparity: Phases of Economic Development i. The Early Extractive Phase ii. The Import Substitution  Industrialization Phase iii. Structural Adjustment Policy Phase 
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The Early Extractive Phase The Early Extractive Phase Mercantilist phase: lop sided trade – huge  outflow of resource to Europe and small inflow  of foreign investment in manufacturing Repatriation of profits by colonizers as  opposed to reinvestment in the economy as  was the case in North America’s development Plantation – (large factory farms producing  single crops like sugar, cotton): dependence on  slave instead of local labor; payment of low  wages
Background image of page 6
The Import Substitution 
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 8
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 05/10/2010 for the course GEOG 040 taught by Professor Siehl,georgehenr during the Spring '07 term at Penn State.

Page1 / 20

10 - Middle_and_South_America_February_12_10 - Middle and...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 8. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online