12 - South_Asia_Feb_19_10 - South Asia Social and Cultural...

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South Asia South Asia Social and Cultural Issues
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Socio-cultural Issues Socio-cultural Issues Village Life Public spaces often dominated by men Purdah: seclusion of women from non- family male gazes Linked to status 70% of South Asians live in villages Traditional trips by urbanites back to ancestral  villages
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Purdah Practice Purdah Practice
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Socio-cultural Issues Socio-cultural Issues Urban Life Portrayed as chaotic, crowded,  dilapidated overstressed infrastructure Daily life is intimate and familiar and not  anonymous Multicultural, educated populations and  productive people  e.g. Koli: appears  impoverished but inside, homes –well appointed,  marble floors, TVs, PCs etc – not a shanty
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Religion in South Asia Religion in South Asia Main religions in South Asia: i. Hinduism ii. Buddhism iii. Sikhism iv. Jainism v. Islam vi. Christianity
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Religion Religion Hinduism 800 million of the world’s 900 million  Hindus live in India Complex set of beliefs, often contradictory  local traditions A major tenet: All gods are illusory  manifestations of the ultimate divinity, which is  formless; worship a number of god and  goddess of regional differences Based on localized folk tradition, the Great  Tradition – literary text. 
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Religion Religion Hinduism continued: Caste: rooted in religion, dietary rules Reincarnation: everything that wishes will  be reborn after death Many worship no gods at all but engage in i. Meditation ii. Yoga iii. Other spiritual exercises meant to liberate them  from illusions
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This note was uploaded on 05/10/2010 for the course GEOG 040 taught by Professor Siehl,georgehenr during the Spring '07 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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12 - South_Asia_Feb_19_10 - South Asia Social and Cultural...

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