13 - South_Asia_Feb_22_10

13 - South_Asia_Feb_22_10 - South Asia South Asia Economic,...

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Unformatted text preview: South Asia South Asia Economic, Political and Environmental Issues Economic Issues: Economic Issues: Introduction Introduction ◦ Startling economic contrasts  India: 100s of millions of poor, but a high-tech sector and space program ◦ Most wealth disparity results from post- independence governance ◦ Agriculture: basis for most regional economies  Growth of industry and services  IT in India Economic Issues: Agriculture Economic Issues: Agriculture ◦ 60% of region’s labor, but only 25% of GDP  Dramatic increases in productivity, still least efficient sector of the economy – lowest return on investment ◦ Green Revolution: new agricultural tools and techniques (beginning in late 1960s)  New seeds (disease resistant, high yielding), fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides etc.  Increase in yield per unit of farmland: 30% b/n 47-79  India and Pakistan become food exporters Economic Issues: Downsides to Economic Issues: Downsides to Green Revolution Green Revolution ◦ India: still not self-sufficient in food  Climate change, declining soil fertility may worsen situation  Some states gained than others: irrigation was key  S. Asia: hunger & malnutrition still exist: b/n 1970-2001, undernourished dropped from33 to22%; Increasing soil salinity (in Pakistan etc) leading to poor yields. Economic Issues: Downsides to...
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This note was uploaded on 05/10/2010 for the course GEOG 040 taught by Professor Siehl,georgehenr during the Spring '07 term at Penn State.

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13 - South_Asia_Feb_22_10 - South Asia South Asia Economic,...

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