17 - Southeast_Asia_March_15_10

17 - Southeast_Asia_March_15_10 - Southeast Asia...

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Southeast Asia Southeast Asia Socio-cultural and Environmental  issues
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Cultural Complexity Cultural Complexity Cultural pluralism Inhabited by many distinct groups  (Australo-Melanesians abt 60,000yrs ago;  Austronesians) Kept that way by complex topography In urban areas, some homogenization ongoing:  through introduction of new ideas –  mercantilism, free market capitalism,  Communism, environmentalism. Resettlement programs, migration contributing:  bringing people from different ethnicities  together on new lands Still, 1000 of world’s 6000 languages spoken  here
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Religious Pluralism Religious Pluralism Indigenous religion: Animism  –  natural features such as trees, rivers and crop  plants all carry spiritual meanings, and focus on  rituals to give thanks for bounty… Heavily influenced by outside religions  brought by traders Buddhism found on mainland, Islam on  islands, with exception of  Philippines/Timor-Leste (Catholicism)
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Religious Pluralism Religious Pluralism Some hybridization of religions - Religions undergone changes due to  exposure to one another - Christians and Hindus practice seclusion  of women in Indonesia - Muslims have absorbed indigenous  customs about marriage
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17 - Southeast_Asia_March_15_10 - Southeast Asia...

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