Midterm Study Guide

Midterm Study Guide - March 3, 2010 Mid-Term Study Guide...

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Mid-Term Study Guide Possible Identifications : You should be able to discuss when the item happened; where it happened; what happened; who was involved; what it was connected to; and why it's important. Early Chesapeake Roanoke – In 1584, following the Spain’s example, Queen Elizabeth granted a patent to Walter Raleigh to plan settlements, discover, and occupy lands in the unclaimed area of the New World. The explorers found Roanoke, an island off the coast of present-day North Carolina. They returned to England leaving no colonist behind. Two years later Raleigh sent a contingent of more than 100 settlers including women under John White’s leadership to make a colony. But they were under prepared and White returned to New England for supplies leaving the colonists there. When White returned all of the colonists were gone/dead. Early Jamestown – (pg. 58) In 1606, King James I granted a charter to the Virginia Company to establish a satellite English settlement in the Chesapeake region of North America. 104 settlers sailed from London instructed to settle Virginia, find gold, and seek a water route to the Orient. On May 14, 1607, the Virginia Company explorers landed on Jamestown Island to establish the Virginia English colony. Almost immediately after landing, the colonists were under attack from what amounted to the on-again off-again enemy, the Algonquian natives lead by Powhatan. While disease, famine, and continuing attacks of neighboring Algonquians took a tremendous toll on the population, there were times when the Powhatan Indian trade revived the colony with food in exchange for glass beads, copper, and iron implements. Although the suffering did not totally end at Jamestown for decades, some years of peace and prosperity followed the wedding of Pocahontas, the favored daughter of the Algonquian chief Powhatan, to tobacco entrepreneur John Rolfe. Powhatan & the Powhatan Indians - The Powhatan Empire: i. Became the colony of Virginia ii. Indian territories iii. Want to keep the English from bulling them but also wanted access to the English men’s good English capture Pocahontas with help of Patowameck chief 1. The Chief of another tribe gave the English Pocahontas (Powhatan’s favorite daughter) and the English hold her as a captive as leverage against Powhatan. 2. Powhatan does not want her to be hurt and wants to end the war 3. Pocahontas marries John Rolfe to create peace between Powhatan and the English 4. She has a son with John, Thomas Rolfe. 5. Pocahontas died soon after her son’s birth from disease. 6. The peace holds until Powhatan’s death and his brother Opechancanough. Opechancanough - The Destruction of Tsenacommacah iv. Opechancanough led the “Massacre of 1622” 1. He kills all the English who could not get into the fort in Jamestown. 2.
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This note was uploaded on 05/10/2010 for the course HIST 1234 taught by Professor Paskoff during the Spring '10 term at LSU.

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Midterm Study Guide - March 3, 2010 Mid-Term Study Guide...

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