Test Two Memorize!!

Test Two Memorize!! - -18 J n Heisenbergs Uncertainty...

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Memorize!!! Strong Acids: HCl-Hydrochloric Acid HBr- Hydrobromic Acid HI- Hydroiodic Acid HClO 3 - Chloric Acid HClO 4 - Perchloric Acid HNO 3 - Nitric Acid H 2 SO 4 - Sulfuric Acid Strong Bases: LiOH NaOH KOH RbOH CsOH Ca(OH) 2 Sr(OH) 2 Ba(OH) 2 Brønsted-Lowry Definition: Acid- donates an H + to another substance Base- accepts an H + from another substance Neutralization- reaction between an acid and a base In WATER: -acids increase the concentration of protons, H + (aq) - Bases increase the concentration of protons, OH - (aq) Molarity = moles of solute (mol) Volume of solution(L) c=n/v Enthalpy Change, ∆H = heat transferred at constant pressure ∆H <0 = Exothermic Process ∆H>0 = Endothermic Process q=0 = Thermoneutral Process EMR- Vλ=c Frequency[1/s] × wavelength[m]= speed of light[3.00×10 8 m/s] Planck’s Law- E = hV Energy[J] = Planck’s Constant[6.626×10 -34 Js] × frequency[1/s] Bohr’s Formula- E n = _ 2.18 × 10
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Unformatted text preview: -18 J n Heisenbergs Uncertainty Principle-x mV h 4 Schrdingers Equation- = E Quantum Numbers: The total number of orbitals possible for each value of n is n 2 The number of different subshell types with in a shell equals to n The number of orbitals within a subshell equals 2l + 1 The number of nodes is n-1 Rules for occupying orbitals in many-electron atoms: i. Building up principle- occupy subshell with lower energy first and fully before occupying subshell with higher energy. ii. Paulis Exclusion Principle- an orbital can house a maximum of two electrons and these two electrons must have opposite spin iii. Hunds Rule the most stable arrangement of electrons is that with the maximum number of unpaired electrons (electrons with the same spin)...
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This note was uploaded on 05/10/2010 for the course CHEM 1201 taught by Professor Cook during the Fall '08 term at LSU.

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Test Two Memorize!! - -18 J n Heisenbergs Uncertainty...

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