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Test Two Memorize!!

Test Two Memorize!! - -18 J n Heisenberg’s Uncertainty...

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Memorize!!! Strong Acids: HCl-Hydrochloric Acid HBr- Hydrobromic Acid HI- Hydroiodic Acid HClO 3 - Chloric Acid HClO 4 - Perchloric Acid HNO 3 - Nitric Acid H 2 SO 4 - Sulfuric Acid Strong Bases: LiOH NaOH KOH RbOH CsOH Ca(OH) 2 Sr(OH) 2 Ba(OH) 2 Brønsted-Lowry Definition: Acid- donates an H + to another substance Base- accepts an H + from another substance Neutralization- reaction between an acid and a base In WATER: -acids increase the concentration of protons, H + (aq) - Bases increase the concentration of protons, OH - (aq) Molarity = moles of solute (mol) Volume of solution(L) c=n/v Enthalpy Change, ∆H = heat transferred at constant pressure ∆H <0 = Exothermic Process ∆H>0 = Endothermic Process q=0 = Thermoneutral Process EMR- Vλ=c Frequency[1/s] × wavelength[m]= speed of light[3.00×10 8 m/s] Planck’s Law- E = hV Energy[J] = Planck’s Constant[6.626×10 -34 Js] × frequency[1/s] Bohr’s Formula- E n = _ 2.18 × 10
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Unformatted text preview: -18 J n Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle-∆x × ∆mV ≥ h 4π Schrödinger’s Equation-ĤΨ = EΨ Quantum Numbers: • The total number of orbitals possible for each value of n is n 2 • The number of different subshell types with in a shell equals to n • The number of orbitals within a subshell equals 2l + 1 • The number of nodes is n-1 Rules for occupying orbitals in many-electron atoms: i. Building up principle- occupy subshell with lower energy first and fully before occupying subshell with higher energy. ii. Pauli’s Exclusion Principle- an orbital can house a maximum of two electrons and these two electrons must have opposite spin iii. Hund’s Rule – the most stable arrangement of electrons is that with the maximum number of unpaired electrons (electrons with the same spin)...
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Test Two Memorize!! - -18 J n Heisenberg’s Uncertainty...

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