Test Three Notes

Test Three Notes - Test Three Notes Oct 29 2008 Industrial...

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Test Three Notes Oct. 29, 2008 Industrial Revolution I. James Watt, 1736-1819 A. The Industrial Revolutions answer to Napoleon. B. Invented the steam engine which affected the transportation problem of the Revolution. Without the invention of the steam engine the Revolution would not have happened. C. The steam engine allow for the making of International Trading because of its speed and cheapness. II. Jobs A. The invention of the steam engine and other revolutionary inventions opened up many jobs such as engineers, industrial laborers, metal workers… B. The increase of jobs made another class, the Middle Class, not the land owners or the land workers but the people who worked in Industries and made land workers labor easier. III. Time A. The Industrial Revolution made it necessary for people to be able to tell time. This fact leads to clocks and the Time Zones. IV. Middle of the 1800 A. Hundreds of Miles of railroads spread across Europe. B. Real Income more than doubled. C. Instead of all of Europe being agricultural it became much more industrialized. Industrialization and Socialism Bourgeoisie Proletariat Luddites- those who wanted to stop the Revolution and would destroy machines Factory Act (1833) Combination Act (1799) - made it illegal to join a labor union, because it takes away a individual’s right to negotiate with his boss-repealed in 1824 Utopian Socialist- wanted to remake society from top to bottom Robert Owens (1771-1858) - factory owner who set up many communities that were Utopian Societies New Harmony, Indiana- a community set up by Robert Owens, did not turn out as planned and failed
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K. Marx (1818-1883) - F. Engels (1820-1895) Capital (1867) I. The Social Impact of Industry A. Bankruptcy of Inventors or those whose skills where no longer needed was everywhere. If you went bankrupt and could not pay your taxes or debts you where thrown in jail until you could pay them back which was impossible so many would died in jail. B. Luddites- people who where shafted by the Revolution and wanted to stop it. The Luddites wanted to stay in secret so they said the followed a man named Ludd. The Luddites would go and destroy Revolutionary Machines. C. The factories where not built for safety but for production therefore there where many accidents and death. D. The factories owner would hire children because there where easier to train and a lot of things that had to be done had to be done by someone every small. E. The workers would have to work very long hours for extremely little pay. F. People of the Revolution, even the Bourgeoisie and upper class, started to feel that reform was needed. The Factory Act (1833) started to put restrictions on the factory owners. The Factory Act said that people could only work for a max of 12 hours and had to have at least 15 min in a work day to eat. Nothing to extreme but it was the first time the government put restrictions on industries.
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