Chapter Seven Painting

Chapter Seven Painting - March 11, 2008 Art 1001: Painting...

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March 11, 2008 Art 1001: Painting For each type of painting, you will be expected to learn the basic ingredients of the paint. All paints have at least two basic ingredients: powdered pigment a binder a thinner The first type of paint is watercolor , specifically transparent watercolor , also known as aquarelle . The ingredients are: powdered pigment the binder is gum Arabic, (a type of sap from a tree) the thinner is water. Homer, Sloop, Nassau , 1899 There is another variety of watercolor, an opaque watercolor called gouache (pronounced goo-ahhsh). It has the same ingredients as aquarelle, but adds one more, chalk dust, which makes it opaque. (When the chalk dust REPLACES the powdered pigment, it makes white paint. There is no white paint for transparent watercolor.) Although watercolor paint had been used for some time for book illustrations, the first artist to make complete individual works of art in watercolor was Albrecht Dürer , the German artist active at the end of the 15th century and beginning of the 16th century, the same guy who traveled to Italy and brought the ideas of the Renaissance back to Northern Europe with him.
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Durer, Pine Tree Durer, Great Piece of Turf Durer, A Young Hare Watercolor has advantages including the fact that it is relatively inexpensive (the tubes of paint last a long time, and it is most often painted on paper rather than on canvas or a wooden panel, and paper is cheaper than either of the other surfaces), and it can be cleaned up with water (maybe you'd need a little soap, too). It produces beautiful, clear colors--the transparent watercolor allows the paper to shine through the color like a stained glass window--and can produce some attractive, spontaneous effects. Its main disadvantage is that it doesn't allow corrections, so you need to plan ahead, and make sure that the area that you're about to paint won't touch any area that is still wet from prior painting. There is no white paint in transparent watercolor, so any areas of the painting that you want to be white have to be left
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This note was uploaded on 05/10/2010 for the course ART 1001 taught by Professor Zucker during the Spring '07 term at LSU.

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Chapter Seven Painting - March 11, 2008 Art 1001: Painting...

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