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Chapter 5 social psyc

Chapter 5 social psyc - Chapter 5 The Self Understanding...

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Chapter 5 – The Self: Understanding : “Who am I?” Self - that part of an individual's personality of which he or she is aware . Self-reference effect – the effect on attention and memory that occurs because the cognitive processing of information relative to the self is more efficient than the processing of other types of material. Example - Knapp There are two types of processing occurring with the self-reference effect: Elaborative processing spend more time thinking about words/events that are relevant to ourselves Categorical processing organize self relevant information into pre-existing categories Self-concept – one’s self-identity, a basic schema consisting of an organized collection of beliefs and attitudes about oneself. Domain-specific Framework to help us process information Structure of the self-concept. We can categorize them on how extreme the concepts are: Central self-concepts – extremely positive or extremely negative; relatively unaffected by the mood of the moment Peripheral self-concepts – moderately positive or negative; subject to change with the mood of the moment We can also categorize self-concepts by their content areas. Social Self-Concept Social self – a collective identity that includes two different aspects interpersonal relationships those aspects of identity that are derived from membership in larger, less personal groups based on race, ethnicity, and culture. The self we think others see influences how we see ourselves
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Thinking about the Self: Personal Versus Social Identity Personal-social identity continuum – 2 ways self can be catergorized Personal level – self thought of as individual Social identity level – self thought of as member of a group At any given amount in time, you are at different places on that continuum When we are comparing our personal selves to other members of the same group, we are engaging in intragroup comparisons. When we compare our group to other groups, we are engaging in intergroup comparisons . Who I Am Depends on the Situation Definitions of the self highly variable – can change depending on what relationships with others we consider, and what context we are in Self-complexity - refers to the structure of the self. When it is low, the different aspects of the self are intertwined, not separated. When it is high, the different aspects of the self are distinct from one another. people who have high self-complexity are less likely to feel threatened when they experience failure in any one aspect Identity interference – two important social identities are perceived as in conflict. Performance in one interferes with performance of another. Our culture has a lot to do with how we view our selves. Our modern, Western conception of the self is that each of us is an example of three different kinds of things bound into a single entity.
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Chapter 5 social psyc - Chapter 5 The Self Understanding...

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