Chapter 6 social psyc

Chapter 6 social psyc - Chapter 6 Prejudice Its Causes...

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Chapter 6 – Prejudice: Its Causes, Effects, and Cures Rwandan Genocide The Holocaust KKK Homophobia he Nature and Origins of Stereotyping, Prejudice, and Discrimination Stereotype – beliefs about what a particular group is like – positive or negative, cognitive component Prejudice – an attitude, usually negative, toward the members of some group, based solely on their membership in that group. Affective component Discrimination – refers to negative actions toward the groups that are the targets of prejudice. Behavioral component Attitudes and behaviors are often loosely linked Stereotyping: Beliefs about Social Groups Gender stereotypes – beliefs concerning the characteristics of men and women. Because warmth is often considered to be a core female trait, women are often seen more positively than are men. But the same characteristics that make women more liked in general than men are often cited as reasons women aren’t suited for high-status positions. These stereotypes often result in the glass ceiling – barriers based on biases that prevent qualified women from advancing to top-level positions. Women can’t win by acting more like men, either. Ann Hopkins and Price Waterhouse – she had built more than *** more than all the rest, only female, denied partnership, said she needed to walk , talk, more femininely, wear makeup Glass escalator – refers to the fact that men in predominantly female fields rapidly become managers/executives.
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Consequences of Token Women in High Places Tokenism - practice of hiring or appointing a token number of people from underrepresented groups in order to deflect criticism or comply with affirmative action rules: Disadvantages of Tokenism Prejudiced people get to pretend that they’re not prejudiced People who get their jobs through tokenism often experience a loss in self esteem Do Targets Agree with Stereotyped Portrayals of Their Group? Sexism – perceiving or treating the genders differently Two Types of Sexism Hostile sexism – the view that women, if not inferior to men, have many negative traits. Benevolent sexism – views suggesting that woman deserve protection, are superior to men in various ways, and are truly necessary for men’s happiness. both types are correlated with lower female presence in high status jobs, lower levels of education, standards of living for females same pattern of results can be applied to other stereotyped groups Are Gender Stereotypes Accurate? Things to remember about research on sex differences: 1. Very little variance in an individual’s behavior is accounted for by sex. Age, race, etc. all affect the way a person behaves. 2. There is a high degree of overlap in the distribution of the sexes. 3.
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Chapter 6 social psyc - Chapter 6 Prejudice Its Causes...

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