Chapter 6

Chapter 6 - Chapter 6 Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalysis...

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Chapter 6 Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalysis Psychoanalysis – One of most influential approaches to psychotherapy Theory of Personality Hidden Meaning & Concept of Repression Core idea in Freudian analysis – Symptoms are expressions of meanings hidden deep in personality structure EX- Overt behavior (like a nervous laugh) contains hidden meanings (anxiety about something) Implies there is a “secret code” to overt behavior that must be deciphered if we are to help client modify actions thus, not sufficient to treat symptoms themselves to treat overt symptoms is useless unless hidden meanings are dealt with BUT, to deal with them, must make person aware of them
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thus, this is ultimate goal of Freud’s psychoanalysis i.e., to make revealed, the hidden HOWEVER, Freud elaborated this alone was not enough for therapeutic change to occur Therapy must include reexperiencing feelings/affects that accompany hidden meanings EX – not enough for woman to know that anx about being she has to experience feeling of being alone & unlovable for her awareness of these hidden meanings (experience this therapy session) Most of original work done w/pts diagnosed as suffering from neuroses/conversion hysteria (now conversion d/o) conversion disorder – client suffers from 1 or + physical symptoms that mimic physical illness EX – client may lose sight or hearing or speech with no detectable physical cause for loss Freud originally used hypnosis to treat conversion d/o while hypnotized, client asked to recall when symptom began found symptom assoc w/emotionally charged/forgotten memory 2
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when memory recovered, symptom vanished Thus, overt symptom disguised manifestation of a hidden Meaning underlying meaning involves emotional conflict of some sort though emotional conflict is not in consciousness, it nevertheless manifests itself in overt behavior. Said memories forgotten b/c are painful SO are blocked out of conscious awareness How did he arrive at this conclusion? he found that some clients resisted remembering/experiencing feelings caused by painful events that they had forgotten Led to concept of repression - Emotional conflictual mat’l excluded from Consciousness b/c of its painful nature Said this material cont’s to influence behavior b/c is emot charged (he said it “clamors” for expression) 3
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Method of cure – make emotions available to conscious awareness (called emotional catharsis ) [later abandoned idea that catharsis is what makes therapy work BUT retained idea that unconscious material remains active b/c has kind of “charge” (“energy”) attached to it] SUMMARY : conflictual material excluded from conscious awareness b/c too painful b/c emot charged, remains active, results in overt behavior symptoms Full awareness (allowing 1self to experience the emotions consciously) results in alleviation of symptoms Metapsychology Freud believed person is an energy system – drive sys 4
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This note was uploaded on 05/10/2010 for the course HIST 2057 taught by Professor Rand during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Chapter 6 - Chapter 6 Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalysis...

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