chapter 10-1

chapter 10-1 - Chapter 10 Behavioral Approaches to Therapy...

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Chapter 10 Behavioral Approaches to Therapy Foundations of Behavior Therapy - - foundations lie in learning theory – learning principles - is a heavy emphasis on scientific method fundamental assump - all behav determined AND variables determining it can be discovered & changed - there is insistance that abnormal “symp” is the d/o & not a symbol of unconscious conflict - diff from those who say symptom is manifestation of unconsc processes i.e., No Hidden Meanings behaviorists say symptom is the d/o - say same laws of learning apply to all behav – “normal” & “abnormal” - say abnorm behav simply normal response to abnorm learning conditions i.e. – we learn & keep bad behaviors b/c of poor learning environments/reinforcement schedules - say change abnormal behav by changing learning conditions
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Behaviorism vs tradional psychotherapy (psychoanaylsis/client centered) - Behaviorism rejects mentalistic notions of mind - Emphasizes objectively observable behavs & situations - Strict behaviorists say can explain behav W/O using person’s cogs/mental processes as explanation Don’t deny existence and importance of thoughts & feelings BUT say these are internal behaviors & should be subj to same scientific investigation as external behaviors until they R, have no explanatory value thus, emphasis is on observable behav Brief History of Behavior Therapy - Watson experiment - class conditioned fear of white rats in Little Albert Little Albert liked to play w/white rat In experiment, paired presentation of rat w/loud noise p few pairings, Little Albert cried at sight of rat soon showed same fear to any white, furry object 2
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- Thus, demonstrated abnorm behav (phobia) could be learned Watson said, probably many phobias r conditioned emotional reactions Case of Little Peter - Jones demonstrated phobias could be unlearned - taught 3 y o boy w/a fear of rabbits to like them - brought caged rabbit closer & closer while Peter was eating fear was gradually eliminated - supposedly b/c feared object became associated w/pleasure of eating Behavior therapy as a school of therapy -this occurred when Joseph Wolpe began promoting his style of therapy - Wolpe taught pts 2 induce deep muscle relaxation w/phobic situation - - known as systematic desensitization Method was immediate hit among US clin psychos - Behaviorism became a hit in US 3
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REASON: Amer psychos realized here was a theory/tech that could challenge psychoanalysis in explanatory & treatment power AND behav therapies promised : - 2 B quick - 2 B relatively inexpen - 2 B effective way to meet increased demand for srvs p WWII Principles of Behaviorism – Principles of Learning - trad learning theory 2 basic types of conditioning/learning 1 st classical conditioning aka respondent or Pavlovian cond 2 nd type - instrumental conditioning , aka operant or Skinnerian cond Classical/Respondent Cond (pavlov’s) - Pavlov’s experiment UCR is salivation UCS is meat powder CS is bell CR is salivation - Salivation (UCR) is natural/automatic/reflexive response to food (UCS) - Bell rung just as food was given is CS & salivating to it, 4
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This note was uploaded on 05/10/2010 for the course PSYC 2040 taught by Professor Adair during the Spring '10 term at LSU.

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chapter 10-1 - Chapter 10 Behavioral Approaches to Therapy...

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