Chapter 12 social psyc

Chapter 12 social psyc - Chapter 12 Groups and Individuals:...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 12 – Groups and Individuals: The Consequences of Belonging Group - a collection of people who are perceived to be bonded together in a coherent unit to some degree. Face to face contact Interdependent Virtual Groups Entiativity – the extent to which a group is perceived as being a coherent entity. Low entiativity – college students in the US High – romantic couples and families Group Structure People Change in Groups Merei’s 1949 child study – brought children together, by 3 rd time, they made rules, who got to sit where, etc. Social Structure elements When people are together in a group, they do not remain the same as they are outside of that group. They develop patterns of behavior, divide tasks, and adopt different roles. These patterns are referred to as the social structure of the group. We’re going to look at several important elements of social structure. 1. Roles – behaviors individuals occupying specific positions within a group are expected to perform , roles help divide division of labor roles may be explicit or implicit, Example - Researchers, led by Philip Zimbardo, created a mock prison in 1973 in a laboratory basement. Within a brief time, the "guards" and "prisoners" became totally absorbed in their respective roles. As the guards grew more aggressive, the prisoners became passive and apathetic. Finally, after only 6 days, the experiment had to be halted. - Used 21 male undergraduates, paid 15$ a day for 2 weeks 9 randomly picked as prisoners, guards worked 8 hour shifts Guards became aggressive, prisoners became depressed Guards would wake prisoners up, force them to do pushups until they collapsed, when prisoners complained, they put them in solitary confinement, Halted after 6 days because of breakdowns among prisoners, 2. Status position or rank within a group
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Expectation states theory analyzes the creation of status differences in groups. According to this perspective, group members want to achieve certain goals and are willing to confer high status on members who can help the group succeed. 3. Social norms – shared rules and expectations about behavior Romantic love in girls 6 th -8 th grade had to be concerned, but not overly (girls who didn’t follow this were ridiculed) Exclusivity Norms may be informal or explicit 4. Cohesiveness – all factors that cause group members to remain in group Many factors affect the cohesiveness of a group.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 7

Chapter 12 social psyc - Chapter 12 Groups and Individuals:...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online