Chapter_12.post.social

Chapter_12.post.social - Chapter 12 Groups and Individuals:...

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Chapter 12 – Groups and Individuals: The Consequences of Belonging Group - a collection of people who are perceived to be bonded together in a coherent unit to some degree. Entiativity – the extent to which a group is perceived as being a coherent entity. Group Structure When people are together in a group, they do not remain the same as they are outside of that group. They develop patterns of behavior, divide tasks, and adopt different roles. These patterns are referred to as the social structure of the group. We’re going to look at several important elements of social structure. 1. Roles Example - Researchers, led by Philip Zimbardo, created a mock prison in 1973 in a laboratory basement. Within a brief time, the "guards" and "prisoners" became totally absorbed in their respective roles. As the guards grew more aggressive, the prisoners became passive and apathetic. Finally, after only 6 days, the experiment had to be halted. 2. Status Expectation states theory analyzes the creation of status differences in groups. According to this perspective, group members want to achieve certain goals and are willing to confer high status on members who can help the group succeed. 3. Social norms 4. Cohesiveness Many factors affect the cohesiveness of a group. How much members like each other.
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Extent to which a group interacts effectively and harmoniously.
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Chapter_12.post.social - Chapter 12 Groups and Individuals:...

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