HistoryFinal-1 - History 2057 Final New look-The New Look...

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History 2057 Final“New look”-The New Look was the name given to the national securitypolicy of the United Statesduring the administration of PresidentDwight D. Eisenhower. It reflected Eisenhower's concern for balancing the Cold Warmilitary commitments of the United States with the nation's financial resources and emphasized reliance on strategicnuclear weaponsto deterpotential threats, both conventionaland nuclear, from the Eastern Blocof nations headed by the Soviet Union.Joseph McCarthy-Early in 1950 a little-known Republican senator from Wisconsin, surfaced as the shrewdest and most ruthless exploiter of the nation’s anxieties. He took up the cause of anti-communism with a vengeance. He never actually uncovered any Communist agents in the government. Venona Project-The Venona project was a long-running and highly secret collaboration between intelligenceagenciesof the United Statesand United Kingdomthat involved the cryptanalysisof messages sent by several intelligence agenciesof the Soviet Union, mostly during World War II.Geneva Accords (1954)-On July 20 representatives of France, Britain, the Soviet Union, the People’s Republic of China, and the Viet Minh signed the Geneva Accords and the next day produced their final declaration, which proposed to make Laos and Cambodia independent and divide Vietnam at the 17thparallel. Mao Tse-Tung-Communist leader, fighting the Chinese Nationalists. NSC-68-NSC-68 or National Security CouncilReport 68 was a 58 page classifiedreport issued in the United Stateson April 14, 1950 during the presidencyof Harry S. Truman. Written in the formative stages of the Cold War, it has become one of the classic historical documents of the Cold War. NSC-68 would shape government actions in the Cold Warfor the next 20 years and has subsequently been labeled its "blueprint." Truman officially signed NSC-68 on September 30, 1950. It was declassified in 1977.Gamal Nasser-The most fateful developments in the Middle East turned on the rise of the Egyptian general, Gamal Abdel Nasser. He had a nationalist regime. He remained unaligned in the Cold War and sought to play both sides off of each other. He took control of the Suez Canal Company. In 1958 he created the United Arab Republic by a merger with Syria. Nikita Khrushchev-In the Soviet Union, Nikita Khrushchev had come out on top in the post-Stalin power struggles. In 1956 Khrushchev had delivered a “secret” speech on the crimes of the Stalin era and had hinted at relaxed politics in neighboring countries. Khrushchev granted Fidel Castro’s request for nuclear missiles in Cuba. Beatniks-Members of the “beat” movement in the United States in the 1950s. Beatniks frequently rejected middle-classAmerican values, customs, and tastes in favor of radicalpolitics and exotic jazz, art, and literature.

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