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PP_Chapter_6_and_8_-_Crime_and_Criminal_Justice_System_and_DRUGS

PP_Chapter_6_and_8_-_Crime_and_Criminal_Justice_System_and_DRUGS

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Crime, Violence, Drugs, and CJ Social Problems Chapter 6 and 8
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Violence Violence is personal, but also a reflection of society. Interpersonal and group (situational group, organized group, institutional group). Violence is a Social problem b/c induces fear. Media and politicians often construct our crime realities. (Is there more or less violent crime than 15 years ago?)
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Social Control: regulation of behavior. (review) Informal : internalization of society’s norms, values, and conceptions of morality—violations risk social relationships. Formal : official control agencies assigned to regulation—responds to violations with punishment (necessary when no informal control present). Informal and formal control inversely related? --strong informal controls reduce the need for formal controls; weakened informal controls increased the need for formal controls. The Criminal Justice “System”?
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Toll of the CJS on Society Human Cost: April 2003 the U.S. prison population reached a record high and rolled over the 2 million mark. As of June 30 , 2006 there were 2,245,189 federal and state prisoners. In 2005 , over 7 million people were under some form of correctional supervision (jails, prisons, probation, and parole). Social Cost: Destabilizing effect on communities, especially minority ones (few viable martial partners, increase in female headed hsholds, political representation diminished, parentless children ). Financial Cost: 1982 $36 billion spent on CJS. 1999 $147 billion spent (quadrupled).
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Is there more or less crime today, than there was 10-15 years ago?
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Trends in violent victimizations, 1973-2005 . Note: The violent crimes included are rape, robbery, aggravated and simple assault, and homicide. Trend in Violent Victimization
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“Homicide rates recently declined to levels last seen in the late 1960’s.” US Dept of Justice
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Gender Disaggregated Violent Crime Victimization Rates
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US District Court Cases
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Criminal Justice System
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Education vs. Punishment AVERAGE ANNUAL COST PER INMATE Federal prison (1997) : $23,542 State prison (1998) : $20,261 ($8,895–$36,526) Local jail (1998) : $19,903 ($8,037–$66,795) Estimated number of drug offenders under Federal, State, and local supervision, 1998 Drug Offenders Percent of All Inmates Federal 55,984 59% (95,323) State 236,800 21 (1,141,700) Jail 152,000 26 (592,462) Sources: Bureau of Justice Statistics, Prisoners in 1999 , Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, August 2000; Federal Bureau of Prisons, Federal Bureau of Prisons Quick Facts , Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, February 2000; Bureau of Justice Statistics, Drug Use, Testing, and Treatment in Jails , Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, May 2000.
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