PSYC 3083 Ch12

PSYC 3083 Ch12 - Chapter 12 Behavior and Biology People...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–6. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 12 Behavior and Biology People have long believed psycho variables (such as worry) affect the body In past, prevalent mindset was mind-body split Lots of recent research on behav & brain led 2 increased understanding of connection/relationship inevitably affecting the other called the biopsychosocial model behav changes lead 2 changes N disease processes that affect the body AND vice-versa (how disease affects behav) Hlth psychos work 2 develop applications of behav interventions N biological processes almost all behav therapies applied 2 tx variety of med d/os
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
By mid-20 th cent gen accepted indiv’s psychological state impt determinant N course of psychosomatic illnesses EX psychosomatic illnesses – ulcers/HTN/asthma/etc *Denial is NOT always a bad thing* Health Psychology N US/other develop countries, major killer is harm 2 body caused by indiv behav @ turn of 20 th cent infect diseases leading causes of death By mid-cent, leading cause of death became chronic disease 7of 10 leading cuases of death in the country are lifestyle choices: leading causes of death/illness/injury include - incorrect eating habits (2 much food/fat/NA) - drug/ETOH abuse/ cig smoking (est 1/5 of deaths related 2 smoking) - lack of exer - vehicular accidents 2
Background image of page 2
- 1/3 – 1/2 deaths R due 2 consequences of behave 2 improve pub hlth, change N focus shift from controlling ext factors (sanitation/germs) 2 internal issues…changing individ’ behavs (EX- eating habits, reactions 2 stress) is logical 4 psych 2 B N forefront N tx these pxs hlth psych is specialty N profess psych orig known as behav med/clin hlth psych/med psych/behav hlth hlth psych = applic of behav prin/methods 2 pxs & d/os trad labeled as being medical deals w/integration of biomed info about hlth/illness WITH current psych knowledge have witnessed rapid growth of hlth psych attributed 2 sev factors 1 st - discovery of behav components of disease N last cent 3
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 nd - growing emphasis on “self-care”…what people can do to take better care of themselves – once people R ill, reality is their hlth care is mostly self-care - psychos can help them take better care of themselves 3 rd - high cost of trad health care - behav prevention/tx usu more cost-effective than trad care 4 th - health care is scare for rural & poor people - having < access 2 care, hlth psychos can make care available 2 them Theoretical Basis for Health Psychology reciprocal determinism behav/social & environ conditions/emotions all interact w/ & influ ea other implies that intervention @ any of these levels affects all the others 4
Background image of page 4
i.e., there is mutual interaction/influ @ ea level so, if intervene @ 1 level, will influ all - study @ UCLA fd that changing OCD behavs led 2 observ changes in brain func - although trend is toward a more holistic (mind/body) approach hlth care prac/policies still dominated by mind-body
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 6
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 05/10/2010 for the course PSYC 3083 taught by Professor Meche during the Spring '10 term at LSU.

Page1 / 20

PSYC 3083 Ch12 - Chapter 12 Behavior and Biology People...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 6. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online