PSYC 3083 Ch15

PSYC 3083 Ch15 - Chapter 15 Postmodernism, Diversity, and...

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Chapter 15 Postmodernism, Diversity, and Contemporary Therapy Approaches Social revolution of ‘60s - led 2 change N psych marked impt change – change from exclusive focus on indiv psyche 2 greater awareness of human N society view that indiv psycho pxs/tx bound up w/soc as a whole --- i.e., society has role N causing pxs & must involve society as a whole N change process EX – feminists claimed many pxs suffered by women reflected society’s sexist attitudes rather than indiv flaws N woman’ charac ethnic minority gps argued many mental hlth pxs gays/lesbians began 2 challenge society’s labeling of them as “deviant” Advent of comm psych movemt N 60s
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sd all psycho pxs embedded N soc factors challenged trad models of psycho tx claimed trad models of psychoth oft laid blame @ ct’s doorsteps ignored role of impt soc factors argued therapists tended 2 impose Western model of mental hlth on ct (this model was 1 of a white, heterosex male view of what constitutes hlthy functioning AND ignores unique experiences/bkgds of women, challenges profess psych 2 change thinking that emphasizes individualism & relationships based on hierarchical diffs N power feminist & multicult psy offer view that values community egalitarian relationships holistic thinking Benefit of this challenge encourages psychos 2 analyze their therapies/ 2
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relationships w/cts is possible that what therapist is doing is reinforcing very soc structures that R causing ct’s pxs is hoped, analysis will lead 2 new types of therapy + effective psychoth improved srvs 2 cts Coinciding w/these events, there began revolution N scientific thinking became postmodern view N Modern View (one reality) , - science was objective - trying 2 discover truth about reality assumed 1 true reality could B discovered N Postmodern View - there is no 1 truth no 1 discoverable reality Postmodernism 3
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modernist ideas N psy have privileged values/beliefs of dominant gps (such as those of Western, white, heterosex males) postmodernists say experiences of diff gps of people = diff personal realities i.e., people’s diff experiences =s diff realities Thus, no 1 obj truth about human nature postmod argue need 2 understood people N own terms RATHER than compare them 2 dominant gp’s stds THUS, w/this view, MUST conduct therapy N terms of perspectives/values of profess psych developed # of tx alternatives 2 trad psychotherapy Challenge of Diversity many say most of dominant theories N psych R product of white 4
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most emphasize individualistic perspective i.e, healthy indiv is self-sufficient separate takes responsibility not enmeshed w/others -
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PSYC 3083 Ch15 - Chapter 15 Postmodernism, Diversity, and...

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