Psychology_3083_Chap_2-2

Psychology_3083_Chap_2-2 - Psychology 3083 Chapter 2...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Psychology 3083 Chapter 2 Historical Development of Professional Psychology Modern prof psych evolved b/c of 2 trends in hx of Europe & US - 1) developmt of psych as indep acad discipline - 2) failure of other institutions (state & church) & profess to deal adequately w/deviant members of society [other profess, state (prohibition) & church (preaching against evils) failed in treating indivs with ETOH- ism] Academic Psychology * Modern acad psych develop in Western Europe * Questions studied in psych have interested individs & scholars since ancient times. Exs. In Middle Ages ques was “What is the relation b/t the pure immortal soul & the corrupt mortal body?” - - - in modern acad psych this has become - “What is the relation b/t the mind & the body?”, - “How does the brain & behavior affect each other?”, - “How does the mind work?”, - “What motivates people to behave the way they do?”, - “How can we explain deviant behavior?”, - “What can we do about it?” Ancient peoples believed gods & demons caused everything & prov ans 2 the above ques Early Christian era - conflict b/t God & Satan/concept of sin provided ans EX – people act deviantly b/c they are sinful act good b/c they’re Godly P Renaissance - - - religion no longer seemed adequate to provide answers - - - Science emerged w/what seemed + adeq explanations 4 many phenomena - 1800s ancient ques were still in province of philosophy dept of universities - Late 1800s, psych broke away from philos 2 become sep acad specialty. New acad discipline of psych began studying same types of pxs as philosophers --- Difference is applied scientific method (scientific method: empir observ, measuremt, experimentation) observe event/quantify thru measuremt/ test
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
EX. Jack is more aggressive than Jim Jack watches more violent tv programs Measure how many aggressive acts Jack and Jim exhibit Prevent Jack from watching violent programs for 2 weeks and then measure his commission of aggressive acts If less, will say he acts aggressively b/c of tv viewing Thus, science & philosophy began 2 separate & early scientists believed could best understand people thru careful empirical observation & study Society’s Tx of Its Deviant Members -
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern