Psychology_3083_Chap_2

Psychology_3083_Chap_2 - Psychology3083 /&US 1)...

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Psychology 3083  Chapter 2 Historical Development of Professional Psychology Modern prof psych evolved b/c of 2 trends in history of Europe & US - 1) Psychology’s development as separate academic discipline  - 2) failure of other institutions (state & church) & profess            to deal adequately w/deviant members of society            [other profess, state (prohibition) & church (preaching            against evils) failed in treating individuals with alocholism] Academic Psychology *  Modern acad psych develop in Western Europe  *  Questions studied in psych have interested         individs & scholars since ancient times. (how does the mind work? How do we deal  with deviant behavior? Psychology goes about answering these questions in a more  scientific disciplined manner.  Exs.      In Middle Ages ques was                 “What is the relation b/t the pure immortal soul & the                corrupt mortal body?”  - - - in modern acad psych this has                  become                   - “What is the relation b/t the mind & the body?”,                    -  “How does the brain & behavior affect each other?”,                    -  “How does the mind work?”,                    -  “What motivates people to behave the way they do?”,                       -  “How can we explain deviant behavior?”,                    -  “What can we do about it?”
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Ancient peoples believed gods & demons caused everything & prov ans 2 the above ques  Early Christian era -  conflict b/t God & Satan/concept of sin                                      provided ans              EX – people act deviantly b/c they are sinful P Renaissance       - - - religion no longer seemed adequate to provide answers - -  - Science emerged w/what seemed + adeq explanations 4            many phenomenas  - 1800s ancient ques were still in province of philosophy dept of        universities -  Late 1800s, psych broke away from philos 2 become sep acad        specialty. New acad discipline of psych began studying same types of pxs as philosophers          --- Difference is applied scientific method  (scientific method:  empir observ, measuremt, experimentation)                             observe event/quantify thru measuremt/ test                         EX.   Jack is more aggressive than Jim
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  • Spring '10
  • Meche
  • Psychology, Jim                                                                     Jack, Modern acad psych, acad psych develop, Modern prof psych

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