Psychology_3083_Chapter_6_-_Revised_Spring_2008-1

Psychology_3083_Chapter_6_-_Revised_Spring_2008-1 - Chapter...

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Chapter 6 Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalysis Psychoanalysis – 1 of most influential approaches 2 psychoth Theory of Personality core idea in Freudian analysis – symptoms R expressions of meanings hidden deep N personality structure EX- overt behavior (like a nervous laugh) contains hidden meanings (anxiety about something) implies there is a “secret code” 2 overt behav that must B deciphered if we R 2 help ct modify actions thus, not sufficient 2 tx symptoms themselves 2 tx overt symps is useless unless hidden meanings R dealt w/
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BUT, 2 deal w/them, must make person aware of them thus, this is ultimate goal of Freud’s psychoanalysis i.e., 2 make revealed, the hidden HOWEVER, Fd elaborated this alone was not enough 4 therapeutic change 2 occur Therapy must include reexperiencing feelings/affects that accompany hidden meanings EX – not enough 4 woman 2 know that anx about being she has 2 experience feeling of being alone & unlovable 4 her awareness of these hidden meanings (experience this therapy session) Most of orig work done w/pts dx as suffering from neuroses/conversion hysteria (now conversion d/o) conversion d/os – ct suffers from 1 or + phys symps that mimic phys illness EX – ct may lose sight R hearing R speech w/no detectable phys cause 4 loss 2
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Freud originally used hypnosis 2 tx conversion d/o while hypnotized, ct asked 2 recall when symp began fd symp assoc w/emotionally charged/forgotten memory when memory recovered, symp vanished Thus, overt symp disguised manifestation of a hidden meaning underlying meaning involves emotional conflict of some sort though emotional conflict is not in consciousness, it nevertheless manifests itself in overt behav Sd memories forgotten b/c R painful SO R blocked out of conscious awareness How did he arrived @ this conclusion? he fd that some cts resisted remembering/experiencing feelings caused by painful events that they had forgotten Led 2 concept of repression - emot conflictual mat’l excluded from consciousness b/c of its painful nature 3
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Sd this material cont’s 2 influ behav b/c is emot charged (he sd it “clamors” 4 expression) Method of cure – make emotions available 2 conscious awareness (called emotional catharsis ) [later abandoned idea that catharsis is what makes th work BUT retained idea that unconsc mat’l remains active b/c has kind of “charge” (“energy”) attached 2 it] SUMMARY : conflictual material excluded from conscious awareness b/c 2 painful b/c emot charged, remains active, results N overt behav symps full awareness (allowing 1self 2 experience the emotions consciously) results N alleviation of symps 4
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Metapsychology Fd believed person is energy sys – drive sys sys fueled by sex & aggressive energy energy/drives strive 2 B expressed Eventually came 2 believe psycho pxs NOT result of few highly charged emot (traumatic) memories
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Psychology_3083_Chapter_6_-_Revised_Spring_2008-1 - Chapter...

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