Psychology_3083_Chapter_6_-_Revised_Spring_2008

Psychology_3083_Chapter_6_-_Revised_Spring_2008 - Chapter 6...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 6 Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalysis Psychoanalysis – 1 of most influential approaches to psychotherapy Theory of Personality Hidden Meaning & Concept of Repression core idea in Freudian analysis – symptoms are expressions of meanings hidden deep in personality structure EX- overt behavior (like a nervous laugh) contains hidden meanings (anxiety about something) implies there is a “secret code” to overt behavior that must be deciphered if we are to help client modify actions thus, not sufficient to treat symptoms themselves to treat overt symptoms is useless unless hidden meaning are dealt with BUT, to deal with them, must make person aware of them thus, this is ultimate goal of Freud’s psychoanalysis i.e., to make the hidden revealed *abreaction – mentally reliving the past HOWEVER, Freud elaborated this alone was not enough for therapeutic change to occur Therapy must include re-experiencing feelings/affects that accompany hidden meanings *emotional catharsis EX – not enough for woman to know that anxiety about being lonely & being unlovable underlie nervous laugh she has to experience feeling of being alone & unlovable for her awareness of these hidden meanings (experience this therapy session) Most of original work done with patient diagnosis as suffering from neuroses/conversion hysteria (now conversion disorders) conversion disorders – client suffers from 1 or more physical symptoms that mimic physical illness EX – client may lose sight or hearing or speech w/no detectable physical cause for loss Freud originally used hypnosis to treat conversion disorders while hypnotized, client asked to recall when symptom began Freud symptoms associated with emotionally charged/forgotten memory when memory recovered, symptoms vanished Thus, overt symptoms disguised manifestation of a hidden meaning 2 underlying meaning involves emotional conflict of some sort...
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This note was uploaded on 05/10/2010 for the course PSYC 3083 taught by Professor Meche during the Spring '10 term at LSU.

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Psychology_3083_Chapter_6_-_Revised_Spring_2008 - Chapter 6...

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