Psychology_3083_Chapter_6_-_Revised_Spring_2008

Psychology_3083_Chapter_6_-_Revised_Spring_2008 -...

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Chapter 6  Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalysis Psychoanalysis –            1 of most influential approaches to psychotherapy Theory of Personality      Hidden Meaning & Concept of Repression       core idea in Freudian analysis –            symptoms are expressions of meanings hidden deep in                 personality structure          EX-              overt behavior (like a nervous laugh) contains hidden                   meanings (anxiety about something)            implies there is a “secret code” to overt behavior that must                   be deciphered if we are to help client modify actions                    thus, not sufficient to treat symptoms themselves to treat overt symptoms is useless unless hidden meaning  are dealt  with         BUT, to deal with them, must make person aware of them               thus, this is ultimate goal of Freud’s psychoanalysis                     i.e., to make the hidden revealed
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*abreaction – mentally reliving the past           HOWEVER, Freud elaborated this alone was not enough               for therapeutic change to occur          Therapy must include re-experiencing feelings/affects that                  accompany hidden meanings *emotional catharsis       EX –  not enough for woman to know that anxiety about being lonely & being unlovable  underlie nervous laugh she has to experience feeling of being alone &  unlovable  for her awareness of these hidden meanings  (experience this therapy session)        Most of original work done with patient diagnosis as suffering from  neuroses/conversion hysteria (now conversion disorders)            conversion disorders –                 client suffers from 1 or more physical symptoms that mimic physical  illness                   EX –                        client may lose sight or hearing or speech w/no                            detectable physical cause for loss        Freud originally used hypnosis to treat conversion disorders              while hypnotized, client asked to recall when symptom began              Freud symptoms associated with emotionally charged/forgotten memory when  memory recovered, symptoms vanished        Thus, overt symptoms disguised manifestation of a hidden                  meaning    2
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            underlying meaning involves emotional conflict of  
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