Psychology_3083_Chapter_8_-_Revised_Fall_2008

Psychology_3083_Chapter_8_-_Revised_Fall_2008 - Chapter 8...

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Chapter 8 Client- and Person-Centered Therapies Client-centered Therapy Famous quote by Rogers “I would do better to rely upon the ct for the direction of movement in the process.” i.e. – let the ct lead put another way: Accept/respect experience of ct & ability 2 find their path this can B accomplished w/support & acceptance of the therapist this approach falls under broader category of existential-humanistic approaches puts emphasis on person as author of his own life
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Client-Centered Therapy: Model of the Person fundamental concept therapist 2 respect/facilitate self-propelled/self-generated growth process N indiv i.e, therapist is there 2 help cts determine their own path N determining 1’s path, 1 finds out what is right 4 1 self therapist does this by giving ct non-judgmental support/ encouragement Fundamental concept - based on 2 premises 1 st R many possible personal realities thus, no 1 N a position 2 judge someone else’s reality (can’t say her reality is less correct than someone else’s reality) 2 nd personal reality of an indiv is respected by others N telling ct his reality is accepted, therapist conveys respect 4 the person this respect translated to trust N the relationship 2
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Combo of both expected 2 move ct’s growth process N a pos, life affirming direction Multiple Realities - most people think there is 1 correct way of viewing reality - diff cultures have diff ideas about how people should live do have ideas about what is appropriate/correct N diff settings may accept diffs w/N limits EX – very few settings N our culture where is correct/acceptable 2B nude thus, people recognize R variations N how people view reality BUT believe everyone should experience some aspects the same way “the correct way” if does not experience 1 of these aspects in that “correct way”, then person sd 2 B “out of touch” w/reality Rogers argued R multiple realities believed that reality is relative 2 ea person’s pt of view 3
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thus, no poss way 4 human 2 determine which is the “correct” view, (if indeed there is a correct view) 1 st premise leads 2 disturbing questions: Critics ask, “Should we respect the reality of a murderer?” Rogers reminded: acceptance does not mean agreement/approval just means accepting ct’s views/positions as being valid 4 that person Meaning of Acceptance -if trust experience of all cts, could therapist not end up supporting/facilitating murder/abuse/rape/robbery, etc. ? - Rogers answered this by saying that person’s growth process is positive believed if people are prized/trusted as persons, they will select values that will not result N fraud/murder, etc - believed prized/trusted indivs choose “prosocial” values 4
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- believed N internal growth process- called it “self-actualization process” - believed it unfolds N pos, prosocial directions if given proper interpersonal conditions sd if given acceptance/trust, people show concern/care 4 others AND will experience growth/self-actualization
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