Psychology_3083_Chapter_10_-_Version_2_-_Revised_Fall_2008

Psychology_3083_Chapter_10_-_Version_2_-_Revised_Fall_2008...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–6. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 10 Behavioral Approaches to Therapy Foundations of Behavior Therapy - foundations lie N learning theory – learning principles - is a heavy emphasis on scientific method fundamental assump - all behav determined AND variables determining it can B discovered & changed - there is insistance that abnormal “symp” is the d/o & not a symbol of unconscious conflict diff from those who say symptom is manifestation of unconsc processes i.e., No Hidden Meanings behaviorists say symptom is the d/o - say same laws of learning apply 2 all behav – “normal” & “abnormal”
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
- say abnorm behav simply normal response 2 abnorm learning conditions i.e. – we learn & keep bad behavs b/c of poor learning environments/reinforcement schedules - say change abnorm behav by changing learning conditions Behaviorism vs trad psychotherapy (psychoanayl/ct centered) - Behaviorism rejects mentalistic notions of mind - Emphasizes objectively observable behavs & situations - Strict behaviorists say can explain behav W/O using person’s cogs/mental processes as explanation don’t deny existence/importance of thoughts & feelings BUT say these R internal behavs & should B subj 2 same scientific investigation as external behavs until they R, have no explanatory value thus, emphasis is on observable behav 2
Background image of page 2
Brief History of Behavior Therapy - Watson experiment - class cond fear of white rats N Little Albert Little Albert liked 2 play w/white rat N experimt, paired presentation of rat w/loud noise p few pairings, Little Albert cried @ sight of rat soon showed same fear 2 any white, furry obj - Thus, demonstrated abnorm behav (phobia) could B learned Watson sd, probably many phobias r conditioned emotional reactions Case of Little Peter - Jones demonstrated phobias could B unlearned - taught 3 y o boy w/a fear of rabbits 2 like them - brought caged rabbit closer & closer while Peter was eating fear was grad eliminated - supposedly b/c feared obj became assoc w/pleasure of eating 3
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Behav therapy as a school of therapy -this occurred when Joseph Wolpe began promoting his style of therapy - Wolpe taught pts 2 induce deep muscle relaxation w/phobic situation - - known as systematic desensitization method was immediate hit among US clin psychos - behaviorism became a hit in US REASON: Amer psychos realized here was a theory/tech that could challenge psychoanalysis N explanatory & tx power AND behav therapies promised : - 2 B quick - 2 B relatively inexpensive - 2 B effective way 2 meet increased demand 4 srvs p WWII Principles of Behaviorism – Principles of Learning - trad learning theory 2 basic types of conditioning/learning 4
Background image of page 4
1 st classical conditioning aka respondent or Pavlovian cond 2 nd type - instrumental conditioning , aka operant or Skinnerian cond Classical/Respondent Cond - Pavlov’s experiemt UCR is salivation UCS is meat powder CS is bell CR is salivation - Salivation (UCR) is natural/automatic/reflexive response 2 food (UCS) - Bell rung just ac food was given is CS & salivating to it,
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 6
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 05/10/2010 for the course PSYC 3083 taught by Professor Meche during the Spring '10 term at LSU.

Page1 / 20

Psychology_3083_Chapter_10_-_Version_2_-_Revised_Fall_2008...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 6. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online