Peter Butler, Manager, Learning, CSU Wagga
Page 2 of 16
Some Basic Principles
The Reference List
(APA, 2010, p. 180; Perrin, 2009, p. 63, para. 4a.
Also APA, 2010, p. 184, para. 6.27; Perrin, 2009,
p.88, para. 6b)
A reference list is an alphabetically arranged list
of sources used in a paper. It starts on a new
page immediately after the last page of the
paper. The list has the heading
(centred, not in italics, and not underlined).
Each reference has a hanging indent of 1 cm.
See the examples on the following pages. No
bullets or numbers. It is helpful to add extra
space (8 pts) after each entry.
Hint: begin your reference list as you start work
on your assignment, adding items as you locate
each source. This will save time and energy
will help with this.
1. Names of authors appear in the order listed
on the title page, not alphabetical order. The
names of up to and including seven authors
are listed, with all of their names inverted
(e.g. Smith, P. G.). An ampersand (&) joins
the last two names in the series.
2. If a work has eight or more authors, the first
six are listed in full, followed by an ellipsis,
and then the last author’s name.
An ellipsis ( . . . ) is three periods with a