13.outline.intro.lsu.f.09-1 - Chapter 13 Personality...

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Chapter 13 – Personality Personality – individual’s characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting. The Psychoanalytic Perspective – first comprehensive theory of personality. --based on case studies from Freaud’s psychoanalytic practice Exploring the Unconscious 1. Conscious – thoughts/motives a person is currently aware of or is remembering. 2. Preconscious – thoughts/motives that one can become aware of easily 3. Unconscious – thoughts/motives that ie beyond a person’s normal awareness --mostly to do with personality In trying to discover the root causes of problems presented by clients in his care, Freud used free association and psychoanalysis. Free association – method of exploring the unconscious; the person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind. Psychoanalysis – Freud’s theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts; the techniques used in treating psychological disorders by seeking to expose and interpret unconscious tensions. Personality Structure 1. The Id –the most primitive part of the personality. Strives to satisfy sexual and aggressive drives. It is dominated by the pleasure principle – seeks to maximize pleasure and minimize pain. Ex: Devil on your shoulder 2. The Ego – largely conscious “executive” part of personality that mediates among the demands of the id, superego, and reality. It works according to the reality principle – forestalls action until one can asses the present, consider what happened in the past and make realistic plans for the future. Ex: Angel on your shoulder
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3. The Superego – our standards of right and wrong. Operates on the morality principle . 2 parts: a. Conscience – negative, punitive and critical b. Ego Ideal – positive aspirations Psychosexual Stages of Development 1. The Oral Stage – birth to 12-18 months; Baby must nurse to stay alive. Pleasure around the mouth (autoerotic), so they suck their thumbs or a pacifier. Fixation – no matter how far we have advanced beyond it, we maintain a lasting preoccupation with the pleasures and issues of the earlier stage. Fixations are produced by either excessive gratification or frustration. 2. The Anal Stage – 12/18 months to 3yrs; Focus is on retaining or expelling feces. Ex: Potty training “battles of the toilet bowl” –the child will be frustrated either way. A nal expulsive – messy disorganized adults. Ex: those who resisted potty training Anal compulsive – excessively orderly. Ex: neat-freaks 3. The Phallic or Oedipal Stage – 3-6 years. a. The Boy’s Oedipus Complex – seeks to replace fathers. (in mothers affection) Develops sexual attraction to the mother and wants to sleep with her too. Castration anxiety
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This note was uploaded on 05/11/2010 for the course PSYC 2000 taught by Professor Munson during the Spring '10 term at LSU.

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13.outline.intro.lsu.f.09-1 - Chapter 13 Personality...

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