This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: Social Groups
Overview Comments on upcoming exam Understanding social groups Group dynamics The power of groups Next Thursday, September 24 Exam I What is Sociology Culture and Society Socialization Groups and Organizations Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 5 Sociological Research Methods Chapter 1 Interaction and Social Structure Chapter 4 Next Thursday, September 24 Exam I Multiple choice Bring a small scantron sheet (50 items/side) and a #2 pencil Be there and be on time (regular room, regular time) Study Hard and Good Luck! Understanding Groups People with shared normative expectations and collective identity Share sense of belonging Group norms and sanctions shape social interaction Key element of social structure Understanding Groups
Types of Groups Primary Group: Small group characterized by close interpersonal interaction Satisfy basic human need for intimacy Powerful force in socialization process Understanding Groups
Types of Groups Secondary Group: Larger, more complex and anonymous, formal group Typically based on some common interest or activity (ex. work, school, religion...) Members often occupy formal positions Primary groups often exist within secondary groups Understanding Groups
Types of Groups InGroups: Groups toward which one feels belonging or loyalty "We" or "Us" OutGroups: Groups toward which one does not feel belonging or may even feel antagonism "They" or "Them" Understanding Groups
Types of Groups Division of social world into ingroups and outgroups has far reaching consequences Produces loyalties and rivalries Underlies many of the world's deepest divisions Ex) Racial/ethnic inequality, terrorism... Understanding Groups
Types of Groups Reference Groups: A group that is used as a standard for evaluating social behavior Ex) Family, neighbors, teachers, co workers, members of religious group... Provides a yardstick for behavior and thus social control Group Dynamics
Effects of Group Size Dyad: A two member group Triad: A three member group Coalitionbuilding becomes possible in triads Effects of Group Size Group Dynamics As a small group grows larger... It becomes more stable It becomes less intimate, and more formal Our attitudes and behavior change
responsibility Ex) Helping others and the diffusion of The Power of Groups Groups have tremendous power over our attitudes and behavior Conformity and obedience
Peer pressure The power of authority Groupthink Process by which alternative or dissenting views are marginalized/dismissed by majority Social Groups
In Sum Groups are a key element of social structure Groups exert tremendous influence on people's social realities ...
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 05/11/2010 for the course SOCL 2001 taught by Professor Mecom during the Spring '07 term at LSU.
- Spring '07