Black Exodus

Black Exodus - Examples of racial discrimination in the...

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Black Exodus: The Great Migrations The Migration of the Negro Series , Jacob Lawrence, 1940 (From the Social Realism school of American art).
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African American (slave) population in 1790 and 1860
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Slaves on the porch of a slave cabin, Alabama, 19 th century
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According to a Confederate general, recently freed blacks had "nothing but freedom."
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Nicodemus, Kansas: a colony founded by Southern blacks in the 1860s
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After the Civil War, this Thomas Nast cartoon chided the Ku Klux Klan And the White League for promoting conditions “worse than slavery.”
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After the Civil War, the (first) Ku Klux Klan and other secret organizations intimidated, flogged and murdered many black people who simply wanted to vote.
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Picking cotton in the South
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Southern Sharecropping and the Cotton Belt, 1880
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North Carolina convict road gangs, 1910. The cages on wheels were the homes of the black prisoners. The state moved the prisoners from place to place to do labor. Bloodhounds, whips, and guns were part of the control system over the prisoners.
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Unformatted text preview: Examples of racial discrimination in the South Stirring up fear among white southerners: This anti-black cartoon appeared in the Raleigh News and Observer in 1900. It portrayed the Negro as a demon who should not be permitted to vote. After a brief period of black political participation, North Carolina disenfranchised blacks. Black Population in U.S., 1880 Net Black Migration from South Decade Number 1870-1880 68,000 1880-1890 88,000 1890-1900 185,000 1900-1910 194,000 1910-1920 555,000 1920-1930 903,000 1930-1940 480,000 1940-1950 1,581,000 Source: William J. Collins African-American population in 1910 U.S. Black Population, 1920 After WWI, New York's Harlem became America's best-known black community. These people are moving out of an apartment building; the sign says the vacancy is to be filled by "Respectable Colored Families Only." Black and immigrant steelworkers lived the same slum building in Midland, Pennsylvania, 1938....
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Black Exodus - Examples of racial discrimination in the...

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