English IV Candide Essay While Pangloss struggled to justify the terrible things in the world, his arguments failed to do him any good; for example, when he claimed that syphilis needed to be transmitted from the Americas to Europe so that Europeans could enjoy New World delicacies such as chocolate. More intelligent characters, such as Martin or Cacambo, had already realized the true nature of humanity and its inevitable tendency to become corrupt with greed and power. By the novel’s end, even Pangloss starts to lose his optimism when he is forced to admit that he no longer believed a word of his previous optimistic assumptions. This reflects one of the novel’s main topics because Pangloss and Candide shared the same beliefs as the Enlightenment philosophers who kept an optimistic perspective on life. After the two men traveled together, they had witnessed a great deal of tragedies that Voltaire used to make his satirical point, aimed at the ignorantly optimistic “Enlightenment thinkers”. Martin helps illustrate the opposing side of the “Enlightenment Thinkers”, which Voltaire uses to
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