History 2055

History 2055 - Andrew Jackson in Office Monday, March 29,...

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Andrew Jackson in Office Monday, March 29, 2010 10:37 AM 1.Election of 1824 and "corrupt bargain" a. Jackson ran for president in 1824 - he was a war hero but didn't take a stand on major issues (had great success in the Battle of New Orleans b. Other candidates: John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay c. A majority of the states were allowing the people not the state legislature to vote for the electoral colleges - Jackson seems to be the most popular candidate but no one got the majority of the votes (Jackson did get the most but not the majority) d. The "corrupt bargain" - the vote went to the House of Representatives because no one got the majority in the electoral college; the House of Representatives elected John Quincy Adams; Jackson and his supporters claim that John Quincy went to Henry Clay and asked for his support and if John Quincy became president then he would nominate Henry Clay for Secretary of State e. This pissed Jackson off and he felt he had been cheated out of the presidency so he and his supporters start campaigning for the election 4 years down the road so by the time 1828 rolled around he was very prepared; his campaign was focused on image f. John Quincy Adams: he was pig headed and hard to get along with (a lot like his father); a one term president; the first president to be part of the second generation and culturally he was new 2.Election of 1828 a. He wins the election because he was the common man - he was from a poor background and grew up in the frontier ; no president up to this point had come from this kind of background - all other presidents had been very elite members of society ; Jackson claimed to be just like every common day voter - there hadn't been a president like him before; Jackson had not family connections and does it own his own; he symbolized a new culture 3.Profile of Jackson a. Background i. Jackson ran as a common man (not just run for the common man but he claimed to be a common man) even though he definitely was not; Jackson didn't have any formal education and come from humble beginnings; he had been orphaned as a child; rough and tough Indian fighter (made him politically popular) b. Vision of society and government i. Jackson believed the US should be a nation of small farmers and he felt there were no use for industry or cities; he wanted an economy where the government stayed out - he claimed to fear the power of the national government; he liked open competition in the economy 4.Major policy issues a. Indian removal i. In the very early years of the Republic (under Washington, etc.) Indians had been treated pretty well compared to how they will be treated under Jackson; there was an effort to save them some reserved land - the land was massive and take up huge parts of states - it was good land - white Americans stayed out; by the time Jackson became president white settlers had begun streaming westward and towards the south and they began wanting the land reserved for the Indians; state governments began chipping away at the reserved lands so white settlers could have the land
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ii. Jackson had not use for native Americans; during his military career he had
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History 2055 - Andrew Jackson in Office Monday, March 29,...

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