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Unformatted text preview: Inclusion Information Hernando Hills Elementary School DeSoto County Schools INCLUSION
EVER YTHING YOU NEVER KNEW, YOU NEEDED TO KNOW! Overheard by a first grader talking to his mother after his first day at school: "Well, I'll just give up now! I can't read, I can't write, and they won't even let me talk!" ACTIVITY #1 Disabilities
Specific Learning Disabled SLD Basic Reading Reading Comprehension Math Calculation Math Reasoning Oral Expression Written Expression Listening Comprehension Trouble reading aloud Difficulty spelling Struggle to express ideas in writing Trouble following directions Unable to retell a story in sequence Confuses math symbols Disorganized COMMON CHARACTERISTICS What you can do for them: Break tasks into smaller steps Use books on CD when available Provide assistance copying notes Give instructions verbally and written Allow extra time to complete a task Teach organizational skills Capitalize on their strengths Other Health Impaired
*Inattentive *HyperactiveImpulsive *Combined Type *Various other medical conditions (One student on campus with Sickle Cell.) ADHD OHI *Inattentive doesn't pay attention to details can't stay focused doesn't finish work unorganized, loses things easily distracted *HyperactiveImpulsive fidgets and squirms gets out of chair blurts out, talks a lot interrupts trouble waiting turns COMMON CHARACTERISTICS What you can do for them: Allow opportunities for movement (i.e. pass out papers, sharpen pencils, work standing up) Have specific rules and review them frequently Provide fidgets when acceptable (sponge to tap foot on, stress ball to squeeze, chew arc) Provide directions verbal and written, then check for individual comprehension (go by their desk, have students check with each other for understanding) Shorten assignments when mastery is demonstrated AU AUTISM
Asperger's Syndrome PDDPervasive Developmental Disorder CHARACTERISTICS *Communication problems *Difficulty relating to people, objects, events *Unusual play with toys *Difficulty with change *Repetitive movements or behaviors What you can do for them: Allow them to work independently (do not force group activities ALL the time) Give scheduled breaks throughout the day Clearly post daily schedule and assignments Warn of changes in schedule in advance, when possible Provide fidgets/sensory diet Provide books/activities in their area of interest Find a willing student to be a buddy EmD Emotionally Disturbed *ODDOppositional Defiant Disorder *BPBiPolar Disorder *Mood disorders *Schizophrenia CHARACTERISTICS *Hyperactive *Impulsive *Aggressive to self/others *Immature (tantrums, poor coping skills) *Withdraws (retreats, avoids social interaction) What you can do to help: Allow scheduled breaks Implement behavior plan/contract with clear expectations Ignore inappropriate behavior (when possible) Look for opportunities to praise Teach child how to "rate" their feelings or a situation (what constitutes a big deal to them and what actually is a big deal) Use a timer VI Visual Impairment Partially sighted Low vision Legally blind Totally blind CHARACTERISTICS *Difficulty seeing small print *Mobility issues *Withdraws from activities *May be overly talkative What you can do to help: Allow student to sit near the board Provide magnifiers Provide assistance copying notes, or provide a set of notes Enlarge worksheets/tests Pair with a buddy Limit written work : allow oral responses Read information to student Use books on cd HI Hearing Impairment Partial hearing lossmay or may not wear hearing device CHARACTERISTICS *Doesn't begin a task when instructed *Inattentive *Doesn't turn in assignments *Doesn't wear hearing aids consistently Profound deafness What you can do to help: Have student sit near teacher when instructing or reading aloud Pair with a buddy Give directions written and verbally Check for individual comprehension Use auditory aids (sound field systemamplifier) Allow extra time to complete work Give examples for student to see, instead of verbal explanation only TBI Traumatic Brain Injury Birth defectoxygen deprived Accident related CHARACTERISTICS *Unorganized *Fails to turn in work *Very low retention of skills *Inattentive *Slow to comprehend new material What you can do to help: Review, repeat, reteach skills Give verbal and written directions Provide memory aids (i.e. multiplication chart, number line, rules for English) Post daily schedule and classroom rules Provide extra set of notes Work with in small group or individually OI Orthopedic Impairment CPCerebral Palsy MDMuscular Dystrophy MSMultiple Sclerosis Birth defect CHARACTERISTICS *Mobility problems *Poor handwriting *Difficulty with fine/gross motor skills *Withdraws from group *Academically delayed What you can do to help: Allow for oral responses Provide extra set of notes Pair with a buddy Allow extra time to complete work Allow use of computer for assignments Use stress ball before a written assignment Assign a set of textbooks to keep at home S/L Speech/Language (only) Various speech disorders defined as difficulty producing speech sounds or problems with voice quality Articulation, fluency, language CHARACTERISTICS *Difficulty with oral reading *Trouble with comprehension *Severe speech disorders may cause a child to be withdrawn from group What you can do to help: Give "wait time" for oral responses Allow student to listen to stories on cd to hear fluent reading Give verbal and written directions Check for individual comprehension Give extra time to complete tasks Work with student in small group or individual Find one on one time to read with or talk to student MR Mentally Retarded EMREducable Mentally Retarded TMRTrainable Mentally Retarded CHARACTERISTICS *Limited speech or communication *Difficulty in basic physical mobility *Cognitive delays *Severe academic delays *Need for support in major life activities What you can do to help: Be understanding Be patient Teach other children to be accepting Avoid use of terms "retarded" or "mentally challenged", instead use "differently abled" Encourage and support their teachers! ...
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This note was uploaded on 05/12/2010 for the course EDU SPED taught by Professor Dr during the Spring '10 term at University of Mississippi Medical Center.
- Spring '10