(5) Social Development

(5) Social Development - (10.3,10.4 Social Development Erik...

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(10.3,10.4) Social Development Erik Erikson 's 8 stages of Psychosocial Development I. Trust vs. Mistrust (infancy to first year or so) How can I be secure? Harry Harlow Attachment as a drive Rhesus monkeys Surrogate (cloth) mothers Contact comfort Maturation difficulties in monkeys reared in isolation John Bowlby Infant attachment systems II. Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt (approx. 1-3 yrs of age) How can I be independent? Mary Ainsworth 's "Strange Situation" A-Babies (insecurely attached -- tend to cling) B-Babies (securely attached -- easy going) C-Babies (anxious and ambivalent -- cry when mother leaves, rejecting when she returns
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D-Babies (disorganized, confused, "out of it") Attachment styles as predictor variables At ages 3 and 4, securely attached children are more independent, greater sense of mastery, better at pretend play, better problem solvers, easy adjustment to strangers At ages 3 and 4, "A" and "C" babies are more aggressive (particularly boys), more disruptive, tend to victimize other children, seek attention,
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