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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 4 THE CONSTITUTION AS THE FOUNDATION OF THE LEGAL ENVIRONMENT The U.S. Constitution and the Federal System The U.S. Constitution created the structure of our national government and gave it certain powers. It also placed limitations on those powers. It created a federal system with a tripartite (3part) division of government and a bicameral (2-house) national legislature. 2 Federal Government JUDICIAL BRANCH Courts EXECUTIVE BRANCH President LEGISLATIVE BRANCH Bicameral Congress Senate House of Representatives ADMINISTRATIVE AGENCIES (Created by the executive or legislative branches to carry out a specific function.) 3 U.S. Constitution and the States Constitutional Powers: powers are possessed exclusively by the federal government. Delegated Powers: given by states to the national government. Shared Powers: delegated by states to national but shared with states. Federal Supremacy. Express federal regulation. "Silence of Congress". 4 U.S. Constitution and the States Delegation of Powers We, the People give power to...
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