GeneralMethod - General method to find a formula for pij...

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General method to find a formula for p ( n ) ij for any M -state chain and any states i , j : a) Compute the eigenvalues λ 1 , λ 2 , . . . , λ M of P by solving the characteristic equation; b) If the eigenvalues are distinct then p ( n ) ij has the form p ( n ) ij = a 1 parenleftBig λ 1 parenrightBig n + · · · + a M parenleftBig λ M parenrightBig n for some constants a 1 , . . . , a M ( depending
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