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1 (Olmec) - Olmecs The people of the rubber country A major...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Olmecs: The people of the rubber country A major civilization of the Pre-Classic Period
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The Pre-Classic Period Defined between 2000 BC and AD 200 People lived in small communities on a permanent basis Food production a primary concern Development of objects with ritual and religious purposes
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Subcategories of Pre-Classic Period Early Period (2000-1200 BC) Villages reach level of “chiefdoms” Middle Period (1200-400 BC) Emergence of complex chiefdoms Spread of common religious symbolism Late Period (400 BC-AD 200) Development of city-states
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Valley of Mexico centers Tlatilco Large village with extensive burial sites Burial figurines display human activities Peak period between 1000 and 500 BC Cuicuilco Emerged after 400 BC Represented shift to monumental architecture Rise of elite leadership
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Tlatilco symbolism Female figures seem to represent fertility “Siamese twin” figures symbolize “duality” concept Important theme in Mesoamerica Life/death, light/dark, etc.
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Circular pyramid at Cuicuilco
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