4 (Portuguese Exploration)

4 (Portuguese Exploration) - TheGolde Ageof Portugue n se...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style The Golden Age of Portuguese Exploration The House of Aviz in the 15th century
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Spain and Portugal in Early 10th Century
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Portugal during the Reconquista } Lisbon recovered from the Moors in AD 1147 } Alfonso I recognized as first king of independent Portugal in AD 1179 } Moors expelled from southern Portugal by mid-13th century } Portugal gains independence from Castile by late 14th century
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Joao I (1385-1433) } Founded House of Aviz } Brought order and stability to Portugal } Portuguese overseas expansion began during his reign
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Prince Henry the Navigator } Son of Joao I } Convinced father to invade Muslim port at Ceuta in 1415 § Access to Sahara trade routes § Sought expansion of Portuguese trade } Used Order of Christ position to promote exploration in 15th century
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Developments under Henry’s tutelage } Used equipment such as compass and astrolabe } Mapped prevailing winds and currents over most of the world } Studied designs of Arab vessels and perfected them § Led to creation of the caravel § Mounted heavy guns on decks of the ships
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Modern reconstruction of a caravel
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4 (Portuguese Exploration) - TheGolde Ageof Portugue n se...

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