ProQuest Review Assignment

ProQuest Review Assignment - Ancient America's History in...

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Ancient America’s History in the Makings (ProQuest Review Assignment) Nicole Shin Chicano Studies 141A Professor Oscar Canedo May 7, 2010
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Ancient American Histories. Rex Koontz. Latin American Research Review. Texas: February 2004. Vol. 39, Issued: p. 302 (12 pages) Rex Koontz is an Associate Professor at the University of Houston, who teaches art history and archaeology of the Ancient Mediterranean and Pre-Columbian Americas; he also does research focusing on Ancient Mexican culture. In “Ancient American Histories,” Koontz reviews nine different texts to convey the development and various aspects of Ancient American studies. These nine different texts range in topics from worldviews to gender relations, and writing systems to the relations of human and their environments. Through his reviews, he discusses how history interacts with anthropology, archaeology, ethnohistory, and art history. The first text that Koontz discusses is called “Mexico’s Indigenous Past,” by Alfredo Lopez Austin and Leonardo Lopez Lujan; this text consists of views from a historian and archaeologist. In this review, Koontz gives a general background of how the authors created a set of culture regions, and titled them Aridamerica, Oasisamerica, and Mesoamerica. The authors note that the more complex Oasisamerica and Mesoamerica were impacted by the Aridamerica, who influenced the hunter-gatherer population. Koontz goes on to discuss Teotihuacan’s role in Mesoamerican history. Teotihuacan was one of the largest trading empires, however, the fall of Teotihuacan remains as a mystery. The authors also discuss the difference between the Toltec Empire and the Zuyuan hegemony, and how Zuyuan came to an end with the rise of Mexica (also known as the Aztec). The main point of this text is “the remarkable ethnic and linguistic diversity of Mesoamerica inside the shared envelope of Mesoamerican culture” (Koontz, 304). Koontz uses this text to portray an unbiased view of recent Ancient Mesoamerican studies that will serve well to students and researchers.
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“The Inca World: The Development of Pre-Columbian Peru, A.D. 1000-1534,” a compilation of ten essays, surveys the Andean history in a more cultural and ecological point of view. This text stresses Inca’s debt to the Late Intermediate Period, the tropical forest on the eastern side of the Andes, and the development of Andean culture. Although Koontz criticizes the lack of cross-referencing and unoriginality of topic, he gives credit to the “beautiful photographs and enlightening line drawings” (Koontz, 305). Koontz suggests that the
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This note was uploaded on 05/12/2010 for the course CHIC 141A 64876 taught by Professor Oscarcanedo during the Spring '10 term at Mesa CC.

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ProQuest Review Assignment - Ancient America's History in...

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